Anton Johannes Waldeyer

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Anton Johannes Waldeyer (born March 3, 1901 in Tietelsen ( Beverungen ), † June 10, 1970 in West Berlin ) was a German anatomist . His work Anatomie des Menschen , first published in 1942, has accompanied generations of students and doctors and was published in its 19th edition in 2012.

Live and act

Anton Waldeyer was born into a Westphalian farming family. The anatomist Wilhelm von Waldeyer-Hartz (1836–1921) was his great-uncle. Like him, Anton Waldeyer received his further education at the Theodorianum in Paderborn after he had attended the Rector's School in Brakel . He began his medical studies in 1921 at the universities of Münster and Berlin and from the winter semester 1923/1924 the clinical subjects in Würzburg and Munich . In Munich he received his doctorate in philosophy in 1925 with Rudolf Martin with a dissertation on the individual and racial anatomy of the human larynx . Waldeyer has already spent part of his medical internship in anatomy. After passing his medical state examination in Würzburg in 1926, he was approved in 1927 . In the same year he received his doctorate in medicine in Würzburg with his thesis The construction of the aortic wall in amphibians and reptiles . He later moved to the Christian Albrechts University in Kiel . After another change and habilitation , Waldeyer was appointed private lecturer at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg in 1931 . In the same year he was appointed professor of anatomy at Tongji University in Shanghai . In 1934 he joined the NSDAP . In 1935 Anton Waldeyer went to the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin , where he was appointed Associate Professor of Anatomy and Histology in 1936 .

In Berlin he wrote his well-known textbook Anatomy of the Human Being as a Floor Plan for Students and Doctors , the first volume of which was first published in 1942 and was out of print within a year. It differed from the textbooks of contemporary competitors (cf. e.g. Wilhelm Lubosch ) in its practical orientation, so it contained less theoretical information and was therefore initially rejected by the faculty - but due to the war, people were forced to simplify medical training. In 1945 Anton Waldeyer was appointed professor with a teaching position at the University of Münster . The break in the second volume of human anatomy had been destroyed in the Second World War and could therefore only appear in 1950. In 1953 the 2nd edition of the first volume came out.

1954 Anton Waldeyer returned to Berlin . As the successor to Hermann Stieve , who died in 1952 , he was appointed professor of anatomy at the Humboldt University in Berlin and was appointed director of the Institute of Anatomy. Later (from 1961 until his retirement in 1966) he was Dean of the Medical Faculty at Humboldt University. Waldeyer dedicated himself in particular to the reconstruction of the institute which had been destroyed in the war and which he headed until 1966.

On January 15, 1961, Waldeyer was accepted as a full member of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin , today's Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences . In 1960 he was awarded the Patriotic Order of Merit in bronze.

In 1970 Anton Johannes Waldeyer died of a heart attack in West Berlin at the age of 69 and was buried on June 15, 1970 in the cemetery in Tietelsen . On August 28, 2002, a memorial stone for Waldeyer was erected in Tietelsen.

Anton Waldeyer Foundation

Anton Waldeyer and his wife Ursula Waldeyer (1919-2006) left the Anatomical Society in his will a sum of money that has been written in the form of "Anton Waldeyer Foundation". It was recognized by the Cologne District Government as an independent foundation under civil law with its seat in Sankt Augustin on January 26, 2009. The “Anton Waldeyer Prize” of the Anatomical Society is awarded at regular intervals from the proceeds of the foundation's capital.

Fonts (selection)

  • On the individual and racial anatomy of the human larynx. Dissertation . Ludwig Maximilians University Munich , 1925. (Also in: Z. Morph. Anthropol. 26, 1927, pp. 68–126)
  • The construction of the aortic wall in amphibians and reptiles. Dissertation. Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg, 1927.
  • The development of the avian kidney with special consideration of the vascular system: Investigations on the chicken. Habilitation thesis . Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg , 1931.
  • Human anatomy for students and doctors. 2 volumes. 1st edition. Walter de Gruyter, 1942 (volume 1), 1950 (volume 2). (19th edition. 2012, textbook and atlas in one volume)


Web links

Commons : Anton Johannes Waldeyer  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Johannes Breitenfelder: Memorial stone for Professor Dr. med. Dr. phil. Anton Waldeyer (1901–1970). In: Würzburg medical history reports. Volume 22, 2003, pp. 526-528, here: p. 527.
  2. ^ Harry Waibel : Servants of many gentlemen: Former Nazi functionaries in the Soviet Zone / GDR. Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2011, ISBN 978-3-631-63542-1 , p. 356.
  3. ^ Short biography of Anton Waldeyer
  4. State Council honored outstanding personalities. In: New Germany , November 12, 1960, p. 2
  5. Johannes Breitenfelder: Memorial stone for Professor Dr. med. Dr. phil. Anton Waldeyer (1901–1970). In: Würzburg medical history reports. Volume 22, 2003, pp. 526-528.
  6. ^ Statutes of the "Anton Waldeyer Prize" of the Anatomical Society