Hala Sultan Tekke
The Hala Sultan Tekke (also the Umm Haram Mosque ) is a mosque built in 1816 on the salt lake of the same name . It is located about 5 km southwest of Larnaka in the Larnaka administrative district in Cyprus . It is considered to be one of the most important shrines in Islam .
When the Arabs conquered Cyprus in 647, Hala Sultan, the prophet Mohammed 's paternal aunt, was also there . She fell from her mule in the later Hala-Sultan-Tekke and died. She was buried on the spot and her grave developed into a place of pilgrimage. In 1760, Sheikh Hassan began building a mosque. The mosque was completed in 1816, so that the grave has been in a side room of the building ever since. Pilgrim accommodation was added later. Hussein ibn Ali (Hejaz) was exiled to Cyprus by the English; the grave of his Turkish wife is also in the mosque.
The Hala-Sultan-Tekke is an important Bronze Age site. First excavations took place on behalf of the British Museum in 1897 and 1898, first under HB Walters. In 1948 the Cypriot Antiquities Service carried out investigations. Vassos Karageorghis was active in 1968 and 1974, the Swedish Expedition to Cyprus under the direction of Paul Åström from 1971. The great Bronze Age city was probably founded around 1600 BC. Built in BC, but reached its greatest extent in the first half of the 12th century BC. In the late Bronze Age and then covered approx. 2.5 hectares. Like Enkomi , it had a regular city map with a rectangular street grid. In the city, among other things, workshops of copper foundries were excavated. Room 94N (Area 8) contained molds for sickles, a stone anvil and bellows nozzles ( tuyeres ). Finds also suggest the presence of an ivory carver. His work shows strong Egyptian influence. Rich graves were also unearthed.
- Paul Åström : Hala Sultan Tekke. Volume 1: Paul Åström, DM Bailey, Vassos Karageorghis: Excavations 1897–1971. Åström, Göteborg 1976, ISBN 91-85058-72-6 ( Studies in Mediterranean Archeology 45, 1).
- Paul Åström: Hala Sultan Tekke. Volume 3: Paul Åström et al: Excavations 1972. Åström, Göteborg 1977, ISBN 91-85058-77-7 ( Studies in Mediterranean Archeology 45, 3).
- Paul Åström: Hala Sultan Tekke. An International Harbor Town of the Late Cypriote Bronze Age. Svenska Institutet i Athens, Athens 1986 ( Opuscula Atheniensia 16, ).
- Paul Åström: An altar to an unknown god at Hala Sultan Tekke? In: Journal of Prehistoric Religion. 11-12, 1998, , pp. 4-6.
- Paul Åström: A Coppersmith's Workshop in Hala Sultan Tekke. In: Paul Åström, Dietrich Sürenhagen (eds.): Periplus. Festschrift for Hans-Günter Buchholz on his eightieth birthday on December 24, 1999. Åström, Jonsered 2000, ISBN 91-7081-101-6 , pp. 33–35 ( Studies in Mediterranean Archeology 127).
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- Paul Åström: Ivories from Hala Sultan Tekke. In: J. Lesley Fitton (Ed.): Ivory in Greece and the Eastern Mediterranean from the Bronze Age to the Hellenistic Period. The British Museum, London 1992, Occasional paper 85. , pp. 101-103.