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View of the Hambachbahn with a fully loaded coal train near Elsdorf
View of the Hambachbahn
with a fully loaded coal train near Elsdorf
Route of the Hambachbahn
The Hambach Railway in the Rhenish lignite district
Route length: 21 km
Gauge : 1435 mm ( standard gauge )
Power system : 6.6 kV 50 Hz  ~
View of the new line in August 2012 near Buir

The Hambachbahn is an opencast connecting railway line in the private network of RWE Power in the Rhenish lignite district . It connects the Hambach opencast mine to the north-south railway , which supplies the RWE power plants in Niederaussem , Frimmersdorf and Neurath with lignite .

The Hambachbahn, which went into operation in 1983, is - like the North-South Railway - operated electrically, but as a special feature deviating from the usual traction current with single-phase alternating current 6.6 kV and 50 Hz. Special electric locomotives from RWE Power are used on this route , e.g. . B. the EL2000 series.

The length of the route between the Hambach coal bunker and the Fn signal box is 21.00 kilometers. The route begins in Bergheim-Auenheim . From the Auenheim central signal box, the line runs on two tracks next to the federal highway 477 between Niederaussem and the Bergheim / Elsdorf junction . A section of the route also leads past the Bergheim opencast mine . In the further course the route crosses under the federal highway 477 and runs a few kilometers next to the federal highway 4 . In the area of ​​the coal bunker of the Hambach opencast mine there is a turning loop .

As part of the expansion of the Hambach opencast mine, the route was relocated to the south by about three kilometers together with federal motorway 4, and since September 2014 both have run parallel to the high-speed line Cologne – Aachen operated by Deutsche Bahn . For reasons of landscape and noise protection, the new route runs in an approximately 8 to 15 meter deep cut in the terrain.

On August 30, 2011, the Hambachbahn was blocked by around 50 activists from 10:30 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. near the Buir motorway entrance. With their campaign, the participants wanted to set an example against the climate-damaging effects of lignite-based power generation, the destruction of villages and the environment and the dust pollution of the region from open-cast mining. The interruption of the coal transport had no consequences for the operation of the power plants. Another blockade took place on October 27, 2018 as part of the protests accompanied by the Ende Terrain initiative .

Web links

Commons : Hambachbahn  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ RWE AG - The relocation of the Hambachbahn. Retrieved January 26, 2019 .
  2. Eva Junggeburth: On the tracks of the Hambachbahn. Kölner Rundschau, accessed on August 31, 2011 .