Haymarket is a street in the St. James’s area of the City of Westminster in London . It runs from Piccadilly Circus in the north to Pall Mall in the south. There are eateries here, the Theater Royal , Her Majesty's Theater and New Zealand House .
The wide street connects Pall Mall with Piccadilly and is first mentioned in the Elizabethan Age . As the name suggests, it was mainly a weekly market for feed and other farm products. The closest town to the then rural area was Charing . Until the reign of Wilhelm III. hay and straw were allowed to be sold tax-free directly from the cart. In 1692 the road was then paved and sales tax was levied. In 1830 the market was relocated to Cumberland Market near Regent's Park .
Haymarket used to be one of the most famous centers for prostitution in London. The Old and New London in 1878 said:
“The Haymarket, located in the center of the Westend entertainment mile, is a good place for hotels and foreign cafes; Of course, dark guys also met in the pubs after the performances that turned night into day and appeared so often in court for fights that the legislature intervened and passed an Act of Parliament , according to which such houses had to close at midnight. "
The West End has been London's theater district since the 17th century at the latest . The Queen's Theater in Haymarket, built by John Vanbrugh , opened in 1705. From 1710 to 1745, most operas and some oratorios by George Friederich Handel were premiered in this theater. After Queen Anne's death in 1714, it was renamed the King's Theater. In 1790 the building was completely destroyed by fire and rebuilt in the same place. The building, which burned down again, had to be rebuilt in 1897. The fourth building at this point is still used today for important music productions under the name Her Majesty's Theater . The current Theater Royal was originally built by John Nash in 1820, replacing a theater from the 1720s.
Haymarket runs parallel to Lower Regent Street and both streets are opposite one-way streets. The northbound traffic runs through Lower Regent Street and Haymarket picks up the southbound traffic. The two roads are part of the A4 from London to Avonmouth near Bristol .
- ↑ a b 'The Haymarket' In: Old and New London. Volume 4, Cassell, Petter & Galpin, London 1878, pp. 216-226. ( british-history.ac.uk ) Retrieved March 31, 2007.
- ↑ Ben Weinreb, Christopher Hibbert (Eds.): The London Encyclopaedia. London 1983, p. 381.
Coordinates: 51 ° 30 ′ 30 ″ N , 0 ° 7 ′ 52 ″ W.