Heinrich Gärtner (painter)

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Heinrich Gärtner , actually Heinrich Friedrich Johann Starck , (born February 22, 1828 in Ballin , † February 19, 1909 in Dresden ), was a German painter .


Heinrich Gärtner: The Altis of Olympia

Gärtner was born in the village of Ballin in Mecklenburg-Strelitz and spent his childhood and youth in the Mecklenburg residence town of Neustrelitz . He trained in drawing with the engraver Ferdinand Ruscheweyh , who had returned home from Rome in 1832. In 1845 Gärtner went to Berlin , where he continued his studies with the landscape painter Wilhelm Schirmer . Then he went to Dresden to Ludwig Richter and from there to Rome , where he was encouraged by studying the old masters and by Peter Cornelius .

His aim was to combine the character of stylized landscape painting with the requirements of modern coloring. After he had initially executed several landscape cycles with figural accessories in some private houses, in the villas of Herr von Lanna in Prague and Gmunden and at the Dürr town councilor in Konnewitz near Leipzig , he was commissioned to work on the wall paintings of the new Dresden court theater. Then Dürr entrusted him with the decoration of the sculpture hall in the Leipzig Museum, which was to be done at his own expense, where he represented the main arenas of plastic art practice in antiquity and modern times in wax paintings (completed in 1879).

Winner of a competition for the decoration of the staircase in the Agricultural Museum in Berlin, he executed three large landscape compositions there between 1883 and 1885. Gärtner died in 1909 in the municipal sanatorium in Dresden and was buried in the Old Annenfriedhof .

Web links

Commons : Heinrich Gärtner  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. According to other sources: † February 20, 1909
  2. Or with his brother, the Neustrelitz decorative painter and drawing teacher Wilhelm Ruscheweyh ?
  3. death survey . In: Dresdner Geschichtsblätter , No. 4, 1909, p. 68.