Henry Stephen Clubb

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Henry Stephen Clubb

Henry Stephen Clubb ( 1827 in England - 1922 ) was an American abolitionist , Swedenborgian , State Senator from Pennsylvania , president of the Vegetarian Society of America , a journalist and author .


He grew up in Colchester, Suffolk County . He had at least one brother, Robert, and a sister, Sarah Anne. His father, Stephen Clubb, was a Swedenborgian and raised his son in this spirit. The parents were vegetarians for a while. He was working at the post office when he heard from a traveling salesman from London named William Ward about a community called Concordium which practiced an alternative lifestyle. This community, later called Alcott House , was found in Ham Common , Richmond and was influenced by American transcendentalism . In 1842 Clubb joined this community. His journey there was via London, his first visit to the English capital and his first journey by train. After the failure of the project, he went to London and entered the service of James Simpson , a cowherdite and ardent vegetarian. In 1850 he joined the Bible Christian Church , a sect founded by William Cowherd. He also became the local secretary of the Vegetarian Society at Salford. In 1853 he emigrated to the United States and initially tried his hand as a journalist in New York.

In 1856 and 1857 he was involved with Charles DeWolfe and John McLaurin in building an American utopian community, the Octagon City in Kansas . This project was originally conceived as a vegetarian colony , but changed the focus to a highly moral lifestyle and the octagon as the basic architectural structure, as advocated by Orson Fowler . The project failed due to mosquitoes , malnutrition , grain theft and general exhaustion in inhospitable terrain.

In 1886 he founded the Vegetarian Society of America (VSA) and became its first president. He edited the VSA cookbook and founded their magazine Food, Home and Garden .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. International Vegetarian Union (IVU): History of Vegetarianism - USA: 19th Century , accessed on August 19, 2018.
  2. ^ William Shurtleff, Akiko Aoyagi: Henry Ford and his Researchers - History of their Work with Soybeans, Soyfoods and Chemurgy (1928–2011). Soyinfo Center, 2011, p. 376.