Ducal crown

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Schematic drawing of a ducal crown
Duchy hat of Ursel

The ducal crown (like the ducal hat ) is a symbol of rank and dignity of the dukes . In some cases, however, it was also made material and, analogous to other crowns, was worn as an insignia of sovereign power.

Ducal crown

The ducal crown consists of a golden crown (forehead circlet with prongs, depicting leaves) with eight pearl-studded clasps that meet above the center of the circlet. The cross point of the clasps bears a miniature orb . Five of the clasps must be visible in the illustration. The space between the clasps is filled with a purple cap up to the top . (If the height of the cap is only halfway up the clasp, it is a grand ducal crown .)

Ducal hat

The ducal hat is essentially the same, only the headband is completely covered by an ermine fur .

The archduke hat is a special case .


Use in Germany and Austria

The ducal crown could also be worn over the coat of arms by the princes of royal families .

In order to raise their rank and underline their sovereignty , simple dukes or even just princes , as in the case of Anhalt , Brunswick or Monaco , usurped the grand ducal crown for their coat of arms instead of the ducal or prince's crown to which they were entitled . The Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach even had the royal crown in its coat of arms.

The Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe claimed the ducal crown for his coat of arms, while the Prince of Lippe contented himself with the prince 's hat to which he was entitled .

The coat of arms of Styria is covered with the Styrian ducal hat.

Use in other European countries

  • In the Netherlands and Belgium, the crown with three leaves and a studded front ring is common. There are two pearl prongs between these prongs. A purple cap with a tassel is pulled over it.
  • The ducal crowns in France, Spain, Italy and Portugal have five points on a simple headband.
  • In England there is ermine on the forehead and the five spikes are gold-plated. The hat is also comfortable and in purple.

Individual evidence

  1. Gert Oswald : Lexicon of Heraldry. VEB Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1984.