Hilde Ephraim

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Hildegard Ephraim (born April 1, 1905 in Charlottenburg ; † September 20, 1940 in Alkoven ) was a German resistance fighter against the dictatorship of National Socialism . She was murdered because of her involvement in the Socialist Workers' Party and Red Aid .


Stolperstein , Bayerische Strasse 20, in Berlin-Wilmersdorf

Hilde Ephraim was born in her parents' apartment at 33 Windscheidstrasse. Her parents were the bank clerk Paul Ephraim and Rosalie Ephraim, geb. Customs officer. Hildegard Ephraim worked as a welfare worker in Brandenburg an der Havel , where she joined the Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAPD), a split from the SPD , in 1931 . In 1933 she was dismissed from civil service because of her Jewish descent and her political commitment. She moved to Berlin and joined the SAPD underground struggle there. Here she looked after the families of those arrested as part of the Red Aid program .

In July 1936, Hilde Ephraim was arrested herself and severely abused by the Gestapo . On June 25, 1937, the People's Court sentenced her to four years in prison. She was interned first in Lübeck and then in Amberg . At times she is said to have refused to eat and ultimately fell into "mental derangement". In September 1940 she was abducted as part of Operation T4 to the Nazi killing center in Hartheim , where she was murdered on September 20, 1940. In order to conceal the actual circumstances of her death, her family was informed of the place of death Chelm , which is partly reflected in surviving documents.


On April 1, 2010, the 105th anniversary of her birthday, the newly created Hilde-Ephraim-Strasse in Berlin-Grunewald was named after her, which leads from Halensee to Grunewald train station , where the Gleis 17 memorial is located 50,000 Berliners, predominantly of Jewish origin, who were deported from here.

On April 9, 2013, a stumbling block was laid in front of her former home at Bayerische Strasse 20 in Berlin-Wilmersdorf .

Web links

Commons : Hilde Ephraim  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

supporting documents

  1. a b Birth register of StA Charlottenburg III No. 528/1905 .
  2. Hans-Rainer Sandvoss: Hilde Ephraim. Biography. In: Historical Commission of the Berlin SPD , May 22, 2009.
  3. Information on Hilde-Ephraim-Straße in the Lexicon of the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district
  4. Press release from the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district on the inauguration of the street
  5. Lexicon: Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf from A to Z Stolperstein Bayerische Str. 20