INPOL ( In information system of Pol izei) was a 1972 established and uniform nationwide criminal information system of the German state police . In 2003 it was replaced by the further development INPOL-neu . INPOL served as an information technology network system for the federal and state governments.
INPOL came to the decision of the Conference of Interior Ministers of 28 January 1972 based on a BS1000 - Architecture with the Federal Criminal Police Office as the Central Office and was legally protected by the new version of the BKA Act of 28 July 1973rd The publication INPOLNACHRICHTEN published by the BKA continuously provided information about the status and further planning of INPOL.
In 1977, around 350 "data terminals" were directly connected to the central computer of the BKA, which brokered the entire network: the BKA itself and the states of Bremen, Saarland and Baden-Württemberg (only for the search). The other countries had their own country computers, to which around 450 terminals were connected at the time, a total of around 800 terminals were connected to INPOL. At that time, the cable network covered around 60,000 km, over which around 1.5 million transactions were processed every day. The average response time in the area of "immediate information" (central person index, search and detention data) was between 4 and 6 seconds. In contrast to this, information times of minutes and hours were considered acceptable for the area of "research for case processing" (database of persons, institutions, objects and things, sources, dactyloscopy , criminal proceedings, criminal offense / criminal record ). For 1976 the BKA stated that with INPOL it was possible "for the first time (...) to deal with over 100,000 wanted cases".
Query permissions and content
Were authorized to query and provide information
The KAN- related groups were a central component of INPOL :
- E group ( identification services )
- H group ( detention dates )
- U group ( criminal charges against the person with the date of the crime, accomplices, file number and the department responsible for the file )
- L group ( body description )
- and other groups
with their respective group owners (such as the police station ), person numbers and screening dates.
- Restart for the police information system Inpol-Neu , heise online , July 29, 2003
- Rüdiger Bergien : “Big Data” as a vision. Introduction of computers and organizational change in the BKA and State Security (1967–1989). In: Zeithistorische Forschungen 14 (2017), pp. 258–285.
- Police and Justice in the Information Network In: Police and Justice , BKA Lecture Series Volume 23, 1977, pp. 79–92
- Police and justice in the information network . In: Bundeskriminalamt, Wiesbaden (ed.): Police and Justice . BKA lecture series 23, 1977, p. 79-92 .