State Police (Germany)

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State police in Germany is the collective term for the entirety of all police authorities of a country in the area of ​​responsibility of the respective interior ministry or the interior authority of the city states, in other words for all police forces of a country.

Legal basis

According to the Basic Law , the police, like the exercise of all state powers, is basically a matter for the Länder, cf. Art. 30 GG. Organization, tasks and powers are primarily regulated in the police laws of the federal states, in some countries the former is the subject of a separate police organization law.


The federal states have largely nationalized what used to be the communal police force, which means that they carry out the police tasks largely through state authorities themselves. Insofar as there are also municipal police forces, these do not belong to the state police any more than quasi- police authorities .

The state police in every country includes the law enforcement service , ie what is commonly understood today as “the police”. In any case, its tasks include the protection police and the criminal police . The demarcation of the two areas, as well as the subdivision of the police force, is very different from state to state, for example with regard to the relationship between the water police and the rest of the police or the organization of the traffic police and the motorway police . The motorway police are part of the traffic police in many countries.

Furthermore, training and further education facilities as well as, if necessary, a police administration office and the riot police belong to the state police.

After all, there is a State Criminal Police Office in every country , whose organizational relationship with the criminal police is also different.

The following table provides an overview of the state police forces in place in Germany. Details can be found in the article about the respective national police.

state Official name Supervisory authority structure Servants
Baden-Württemberg Police in Baden-Württemberg Ministry of the Interior, Digitization and Migration Baden-Württemberg , Department 3 - State Police Headquarters 12 regional police headquarters

State Criminal Police Office Baden-Württemberg

Police headquarters use

Police College

Technical, Logistics, Police Service Bureau

Bavaria Wappen.svg Bavaria Bavarian State Police Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior, for Sport and Integration , IC Department - Public Safety and Order 10 police headquarters

Presidium of the Bavarian riot police

Bavarian Police Administration Office

Coat of arms of Berlin.svg Berlin The police chief in Berlin

(in future: Berlin Police)

Senate Department for Home Affairs and Sport , Department III - Public Security and Order State Police Directorate with

6 (local) directorates of the Berlin State Criminal Police Office

Deployment Directorate

Central service unit

Brandenburg Wappen.svg Brandenburg Brandenburg police Ministry of the Interior and Municipal Affairs , Department 4 - Public Safety and Order, Police, Regulatory Law, Fire and Disaster Protection, Rescue Services Police Headquarters

Central Police Service

4 police departments

Special Services Directorate

State Criminal Police Office Brandenburg

University of Applied Sciences of the Police of the State of Brandenburg

Bremen coat of arms (middle) .svg Bremen Police Bremen The Senator for Home Affairs , Department 3 Police Headquarters

Central Operations Management Directorate

Police Directorate

Directorate of the Criminal Police / State Criminal Police Office

Riot Police Directorate

Transport Directorate

State Water Police Directorate

Central Technical Services Directorate

Finance and Human Resources Directorate

DEU Hamburg COA.svg Hamburg Hamburg police Ministry of the Interior and Sport , Office of Internal Administration and Planning, Department 4 - Public Security, Fire and Civil Protection Police Headquarters

Police Department and Transport Directorate

State Criminal Police Office Hamburg

3 water police commissioners

Deployment Directorate

Academy of Police Hamburg

Coat of arms of Hesse.svg Hesse Hessian police Hessian Ministry of the Interior and for Sport , LPP Department - State Police Headquarters 7 police headquarters

Riot Police Headquarters

Technical Bureau

Hessian State Criminal Police Office

Police Academy Hessen

Coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (great) .svg Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Police Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Ministry of the Interior and Europe of the State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , Department 4 - Police, Sport, Fire and Disaster Protection 2 police headquarters

8 police inspections

4 criminal police inspections

State Criminal Police Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

State Water Police Office

State riot police

State office for central tasks and technology of the police, fire and disaster control

Coat of arms of Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony Police of Lower Saxony Lower Saxony Ministry of the Interior and Sport , Department 2 - State Police Headquarters 6 police departments

Central Police Directorate

State Criminal Police Office Lower Saxony

Police Academy Lower Saxony

Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westfalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia police Ministry of the Interior of North Rhine-Westphalia , Department 4 - Police 47 district police authorities (18 of them as police headquarters )

State Criminal Police Office

State Office for Central Police Services

Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg Rhineland-Palatinate Rhineland-Palatinate police Ministry of the Interior and Sport Rhineland-Palatinate , Department 4 - Police 5 police headquarters in the area

Police headquarters, logistics and technology State Criminal Police Office

University of the Rhineland-Palatinate Police Department

Coat of arms of the Saarland Saarland Police in Saarland Saarland Ministry of the Interior, Building and Sport , Department D - Police Matters and Civil Protection State Police Headquarters

20 police inspections

Coat of arms of Saxony.svg Saxony Police Saxony Saxon State Ministry of the Interior , Department 3 - Public Security and Order, State Police Headquarters 5 police departments

Presidium of the riot police

Police Administration Office

University of the Saxon Police

Coat of arms Saxony-Anhalt.svg Saxony-Anhalt Police Saxony-Anhalt Ministry of the Interior and Sport of the State of Saxony-Anhalt , Department 2 - Public Safety and Order 3 police departments

State Criminal Police Office Saxony-Anhalt

University of Applied Sciences Police Saxony-Anhalt

Technical Police Office Saxony-Anhalt

State riot police

Coat of arms of Schleswig-Holstein, svg Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein police Ministry of the Interior, Rural Areas and Integration of the State of Schleswig-Holstein , Department IV 4 - Police Department State Police Office

9 police departments

State Criminal Police Office Schleswig-Holstein

Police directorate for training and further education and for the riot police

Coat of arms of Thuringia, svg Thuringia Thuringian police Thuringian Ministry of the Interior and Local Affairs , Department 4 - Police State Police Directorate

7 state police inspections

Motorway Police Inspection

Riot police

State Criminal Police Office of Thuringia

Thuringian University of Applied Sciences for Public Administration

Education center of the Thuringian police



Individual evidence

  1. About us - Baden-Württemberg police. In: Accessed January 1, 2020 .
  2. Bavarian Police - About Us. In: Retrieved December 30, 2016 .
  3. Police Headquarters. In: Accessed January 1, 2020 .
  4. ^ Bremen police: Bremen. Why, surely! - About us. In: Accessed January 1, 2020 .
  5. How many pistols, cars or horses ?: Hamburg's police in numbers . In: . May 31, 2011 ( [accessed December 30, 2016]).
  6. Dual studies | Police Hesse. In: Accessed January 1, 2020 .
  7. ^ VDP GmbH: LKA-Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. In: Accessed December 31, 2016 .
  8. Departments | Portal of the Lower Saxony police. In: Accessed December 31, 2016 .
  9. Police NRW: Organization of the Police NRW. In: Accessed January 1, 2020 .
  10. ^ Union GdP: The police in Rhineland-Palatinate are threatened with staff chaos. In: THE WORLD. Accessed December 31, 2016 .
  11. ^ VDP GmbH: LKA-Saarland. In: Accessed December 31, 2016 .
  12. Police Saxony - Department of Personnel, Basic and Advanced Training of the Police. In: Accessed January 1, 2020 .
  13. ^ VDP GmbH: LKA-Schleswig-Holstein. In: Accessed December 31, 2016 .
  14. Thuringia is reluctant to use auxiliary police officers . In: inSüdthü . December 15, 2016 ( [accessed December 31, 2016]).