|Supervisory authority||Saxon State Ministry of the Interior|
|Headquarters||Dresden , Saxony|
|Authority management||State Police President Horst Kretzschmar|
The Police of Saxony is the state police of the Free State of Saxony .
On January 31, 1765, Prince Franz Xaver of Saxony established the “Electoral Police Commission” for the area of the state capital Dresden by an ordinance of the electoral court. In 1809 a " gendarmerie " was created, divided into districts . The "Landesgendarmeriekorps", which subsequently emerged from this, was, in contrast to other countries, not organized militarily, which meant a big step towards an independent police force close to the people. On November 1, 1810, under the leadership of two council members of the city of Leipzig, a "special police office" was created, which acted for the first time on a communal level. After the Napoleonic Wars , Saxony fell under Prussia's hegemony . As a result, the electoral police commission was dissolved in 1814. This will be replaced by the "City Police College". Through the work of King Friedrich August , a royal president was installed on December 2, 1817 , which marked the birth of a state police force. When the administration of the security police was taken over by the state on May 1, 1853, the "Royal Police Directorate Dresden" was established.
After the First World War , the state of Saxony was restructured. In 1919 the "State Security Police" was launched. During the Kapp putsch , the police proved to be a valuable tool. Nevertheless, on September 22, 1920, the state security police were replaced by the "state police". The police offices of the cities of Leipzig , Plauen and Chemnitz were also nationalized. In the crisis year 1923, due to strong actions on the part of extremists (see e.g. Hitler putsch ), a general state of emergency was declared in Saxony. The police were under military control under Lieutenant General Müller. The police force in Saxony was reorganized through the Protection Police Act of March 15, 1928. The individual directorates become a uniform organization. On September 20, 1928, the state police administration was dissolved, so that the Ministry of the Interior took over the administration. By a law of the Reich government on January 30, 1934, the sovereign rights of the individual countries were transferred to the state, which is why from April 1, 1934, the state police were under the direction of the Reich.
At the end of the Second World War on May 8, 1945, after the collapse of the former police structures, the Soviet military administration (SMA for short) took control of this apparatus . In June 1945 the German People's Police was established . On June 30, 1946, by order of the SMA, the "German Administration of the Interior" was founded, which took over police organs. By the "Law on Changes in the State Structure of the GDR" on July 23, 1952, the GDR was divided into districts to which police management structures were now also subject.
The German reunification on October 3, 1990 resulted in a restructuring of the Saxon state police based on the model of the police forces of the old federal states. The same uniforms, vehicles, armaments and structures were adopted. Since then, administration has been the responsibility of the Ministry of the Interior of the Free State of Saxony.
The mission is to ensure public safety and order . As a law enforcement authority , it takes action against unlawful and criminal acts, identifies offenders and analyzes patterns of crime. Another task is to avert danger in the area of internal security , that is to say, the prevention or suppression of illegal acts of any kind. In the context of traffic monitoring, it regulates traffic flows and plays a key role in emergency assistance ( emergency calls ). Furthermore, the police, in close cooperation with authorities for crime prevention to possible offenses in advance to detect and prevent.
For the area of hazard prevention, the police's powers of intervention are based on the Saxon Police Enforcement Service Act (SächsPVDG).
The authorization to intervene in criminal prosecution results from the Code of Criminal Procedure (StPO).
Organization until 2004
Until 2004 the police enforcement service was structured as follows:
- State Police Headquarters in the State Ministry of the Interior (State Police Headquarters),
- Police Headquarters Chemnitz (Police Directorates Aue, Chemnitz, Freiberg, Plauen and Zwickau)
- Police Headquarters Dresden (Police Directorates Bautzen, Dresden, Görlitz, Pirna and Riesa)
- Police Headquarters Leipzig (Police Directorates Grimma, Leipzig and Torgau)
- State Police Directorate Central Services
- State Criminal Police Office
- Presidium of the riot police (riot police departments Chemnitz, Dresden and Leipzig)
Organization from 2005
The State Police Headquarters (LPP) is Department 3 of the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior .
The organizational structure of the Saxon police was laid down in an administrative regulation. and changed as part of the streamlining of the administration for 2013. As a result of the change that took place in 2013, the State Police Directorate Central Services was reorganized into the Police Administration Office and the riot police departments in Chemnitz, Dresden and Leipzig were given up.
Thus, the state police headquarters are currently the five police departments, with their names and headquarters in Chemnitz , Dresden , Görlitz , Leipzig and Zwickau , plus the headquarters of the riot police (headquarters: Leipzig), the police administration office (headquarters: Dresden) and the University of the Saxon Police ( FH ) in Rothenburg .
|Structure January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2012||Structure since January 1, 2013|
|Police Directorate Upper Lusatia-Lower Silesia
||Police headquarters in Görlitz
|Police Department Dresden
||Police Department Dresden
|Police Department Upper Elbe Valley-Eastern Ore Mountains
|Police headquarters in Chemnitz-Erzgebirge
||Chemnitz Police Department
|Police Directorate Southwest Saxony
||Zwickau Police Department
|Police Directorate Leipzig
||Police Directorate Leipzig
|West Saxony Police Department
On January 1st, 2009, the Saxon police, like almost all other countries, switched from green to blue.
The police are supported by the “Saxon Security Guard ”. These are citizens who are trained in several day courses in order to strengthen the population's feeling of security and to pass on information from the population to the police stations. The security guards spend a maximum of 40 hours a month (mostly) walking in cities and towns and receive a flat fee. They can be recognized by their typical police outer clothing (jacket, shirt) bearing the Saxon coat of arms and on which the word “Saxon Security Guard” is written.
State Police President
- 1991–1992: Fritz Maier
- July 1, 1993-31. October 1998: Hans-Ulrich Herzberg
- 1998 – March 2002: Bernd Groh
- December 2002–28. February 2005: Eberhard Pilz
- March 1, 2005–30. June 2007: Klaus Fleischmann
- September 25, 2007-30. September 2012 Bernd Merbitz
- October 1, 2012–30. November 2014: Rainer Kann
- December 1, 2014–31. December 2018: Jürgen Georgie
- from January 1, 2019: Horst Kretzschmar
President of the riot police
- 1996-31. December 1999: Horst Wawrzynski
- January 1, 2000–2001: Helmut Lunau
- 2001-31. December 2004: Paul Scholz
- January 1, 2005 – April 2008: Horst Wawrzynski
- April 2008–28. February 2009: Rolf Müller
- March 1, 2009 – June 2014: Ulrich Bornmann
- July 2014–31. March 2016: Horst Kretzschmar
- April 1, 2016–21. September 2018: Horst Schröder
- since September 21, 2018: Dirk Lichtenberger
President of the State Criminal Police Office
- December 1, 1991–2003: Peter Raisch
- July 2004 – March 2011: Paul Scholz
- April 2011–30. April 2017: Jörg Michaelis
- since May 1, 2017: Petric Kleine
President of the Central Services Police Department / Police Administration Office
- September 1991-31. August 1998: Dieter Hanitsch
- September 1, 1998-31. December 2004: Andreas Arnold
- January 1, 2005–28. February 2009: Jörg Michaelis
- March 1, 2009–16. February 2011: Richard Linß
- March – June 2011: Jürgen Georgie
- July 2011–4. February 2015: Dieter Hanitsch
- September 2015–30. April 2017: Torsten Schultze
- since May 1, 2017: Jörg Michaelis
Presidents of the State Police Headquarters / Police Headquarters (1990-2004)
- - December 31, 1999: Wilfried Thewes
- January 1, 2000-31. December 2004: Horst Wawrzynski
- February 1, 1993-31. December 1999: Helmut Lunau
- January 1, 2000-31. December 2004: Manfred Schweizer
- 1998–2002: Eberhard Pilz
Presidents / heads of police departments
- August 1991 – August 1999: Horst Schröder
- October 1, 1999–31. December 2004: Conny Stiehl
- January 3, 2000-31. December 2004: Wolfgang Gunkel
- August 1, 1999–31. December 2004: Uwe Reissmann
- October 1990 – September 1991: Andreas Arnold
- October 1991–1995: Paul Scholz
- 1995–1998: Eberhard Pilz
- 1991–1992: Hans Schmid
- 1992–1998: Klaus Geyer
- until December 31, 2004: Volker Höhne
- September 1, 1998-31. December 2004: Bernd Merbitz
- June 6, 1995-31. December 2004: Rolf Müller
- August 1, 1991 – August 1998: Günter Liebenow
- June 1, 1995–1996: Uwe Reissmann
- September 1, 1996-31. December 2004: Johannes Heinisch
- August 24, 1998–1. May 2002: Richard Linß
- 1991 to March 21, 1993: Heiner Amann
- March 22, 1993-5. June 1995: Rolf Müller
- June 6, 1995-31. December 1996: Conny Stiehl
- January 1, 1997-31. July 1999: Uwe Reissmann
- February 1, 2000-31. December 2004: Dieter Kroll
- Police Directorate Upper Lusatia-Lower Silesia
- January 1, 2005 – October 2005: Wolfgang Gunkel
- January 2006 – February 2009: Richard Linß
- March 2009–17. March 2011: Andreas Baumann
- March 18, 2011–31. December 2012: Conny Stiehl
- Police Department Dresden
- January 1, 2005–30. June 2005: Manfred Schweizer
- August 2005 – June 2011: Dieter Hanitsch
- June 2011–31. December 2012: Dieter Kroll
- Police Department Upper Elbe Valley-Eastern Ore Mountains
- January 1, 2005–31. December 2009: Günter Liebenow
- January 1, 2010–31. December 2012: Joachim Klar
- Police headquarters in Chemnitz-Erzgebirge
- January 1, 2005–31. December 2012: Uwe Reissmann
- Police Directorate Southwest Saxony
- January 1, 2005 – June 2011: Dieter Kroll
- June 27, 2011–31. December 2012: Jürgen Georgie
- Police Directorate Leipzig
- January 1, 2005 – April 2008: Rolf Müller
- May 1, 2008–30. September 2012: Horst Wawrzynski
- October 1, 2012–31. December 2012: Bernd Merbitz
- West Saxony Police Department
- January 1, 2005–30. June 2007: Bernd Merbitz
- 2008–2011: Jürgen Georgie
- March 2011 – December 2012: Horst Schröder (acting)
- Police headquarters in Görlitz
- January 1, 2013 - April 30, 2017: Conny Stiehl
- May 1, 2017 - January 31, 2019: Torsten Schultze
- from May 1, 2019: Manfred Weißbach
- Police Department Dresden
- January 1, 2013 - March 31, 2016: Dieter Kroll
- April 1, 2016 - December 31, 2018: Horst Kretzschmar
- since March 15, 2019: Jörg Kubiessa
- Chemnitz Police Department
- January 1, 2013 - July 31, 2018: Uwe Reissmann
- since August 1, 2018: Sonja Penzel
- Zwickau Police Department
- January 1, 2013 - May 31, 2013: Jürgen Georgie
- June 1, 2013 - February 29, 2016: Johannes Heinisch
- March 1, 2016 - April 30, 2017: Reiner Seidlitz
- since May 1, 2017: Conny Stiehl
- Police Directorate Leipzig
- January 1, 2013 - January 31, 2019: Bernd Merbitz
- from February 1, 2019: Torsten Schultze
On November 5, 2008, the Saxon Ministry of the Interior announced in a press report that Saxony would introduce a new blue uniform on January 1, 2009 . Police officers should agree which uniform should be introduced. The new uniform models from the states of Hesse and Brandenburg were available for selection . A result was expected at the end of November.
On December 2nd, 2008 it was announced that the new Brandenburger uniform model will be introduced. On January 1, the riot police and from July 2009 the officers of the normal patrol duty will be dressed in the new uniform . The uniform change was completed in June 2011.
The Saxon Police mainly use Audi , Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen vehicles as official vehicles . Occasionally, vehicles from the manufacturers BMW and Opel are also used.
The riot police also use vehicles from other brands such as BMW , Ford and Fiat .
In addition, the riot police have a WaWe 10 and a total of two special vehicles 4 (SW 4) at their three locations . The special vehicles are subordinate to the technical operations unit based in Leipzig.
Police cars are currently Mercedes-Benz Vito , VW Golf , VW Passat , VW Touran and VW T5 .
All non-civil police vehicles in Saxony use the code DD-Q XXXX. For vehicles of the riot police, the four-digit number begins with a seven. (DD-Q 7XXX).
As part of the future hinges on co-financed project electromobility police Saxony (EmoPol) the Saxon police also has also since the beginning of June 2016, 24 Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive , 15 Renault ZOE and 5 Renault Kangoo ZE With the exception of Renault Kangoo this Vehicles wrapped in blue and white.
Current strips motorcycles are models of the brand BMW , further has the police on four motorcycles of the brand Victory type Cross Country Tour . These are used in the Chemnitz region, above all to combat border crime.
At the same time as the introduction of the new blue uniforms, new police cars and emergency vehicles in the color blue-silver are purchased. The color blue will also be taken into account in other police equipment.
The first blue and silver patrol cars , 320 in total, were handed over to the police on December 16, 2008 by Prime Minister Stanislaw Tillich .
The helicopter squadron, subordinate to the presidium of the riot police, maintains three helicopters of the type EC 135 .
Police Saxony 2020
The precise project name "Improvement of the efficiency and quality of the police performance of tasks" means a detailed concept of the Ministry of the Interior of Saxony to make the Saxon police fit for the future and to adapt their relations to future areas of responsibility. Due to the declining population and a decrease in criminal offenses (since 1995 by approx. 30%) and traffic accidents (since 1999 by 21%), modernization is accompanied by a reduction in staff, as the police force is up to 30% higher in proportion Compared to the average of the western large countries, is no longer acceptable. A total of 11,280 positions should be available in 2020. This compares with 13,911 employed police officers today. This would still mean 405 citizens for one civil servant, whereas in the old federal states there would be a total of 427, so that a relatively high police density would have to be shown.
The exact distribution among the individual directorates would be as follows:
- Chemnitz: 1,701
- Dresden: 2.187
- Görlitz: 1,243
- Leipzig: 2,440
- Zwickau: 1.075
- State Criminal Police Office: 815
- Riot Police: 1,271
- State Office for Police Technology, Logistics and Administration: 391
- University of the Saxon Police (FH): 124
All in all, according to these plans, the police in Saxony will comprise 41 police stations and a further 114 police stations.
It is also planned to relieve the police in the area of unnecessary departments, so that they are given the opportunity to concentrate more on primary areas. For the functions that will be omitted in the future, privatizations or alternatives without replacement will be used.
In 2020 the so-called bicycle gate also became known. Over a period of four years, a police officer from the investigation group "Central Processing of Bicycle Crime" (ZentraB Fahrrad) of the Leipzig police resold seized bicycles within the police and public prosecutor's office. There are more than 100 other suspects, proceedings are being conducted for corruption , obstruction of punishment in office, theft and embezzlement . The Integrated Investigation Unit Saxony (INES) in the State Criminal Police Office Saxony is responsible for investigations in the area of corruption and conducted a house search in July 2019, during which the investigators found numerous documents. In the same year, the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior was informed of the corruption scandal.
- Official website of the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior
- Official website of the Saxony Police
- Annotated Police Act of the Free State of Saxony
- Official website of the Saxon Police University (FH)
- Private website on police history in Saxony
- ^ Website of the Saxon police
- ↑ Administrative regulation of the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior on the organization of the police stations and facilities for the police enforcement service in the Free State of Saxony (VwV PolOrg) of December 17, 2008. (PDF; 824 KB) In: Saxon Official Gazette No. 3/2009. Saxon State Chancellery, January 15, 2009, pp. 69/70 , accessed on May 6, 2014 .
- ↑ Administrative regulation of the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior to change administrative regulations based on the Saxon Location Act of March 1, 2012. (PDF; 933 KB) In: Saxon Official Gazette No. 13/2012. Saxon State Chancellery, March 29, 2012, pp. 339–350 , accessed on May 6, 2014 .
- ^ The new uniform of the Saxon police. In: www.polizei.sachsen.de. Saxon State Ministry of the Interior; Department 3, accessed October 8, 2017 .
- ↑ Police Saxony - Presidium of the riot police - Water cannon / special car relay. Retrieved September 8, 2019 .
- ↑ Electromobility Police Saxony (EmoPol). In: www.polizei.sachsen.de. Saxon State Ministry of the Interior; Department 3, accessed March 17, 2017 .
- ↑ Police get high-tech on two wheels. (No longer available online.) In: www.mdr.de. Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk , May 5, 2017, archived from the original on October 8, 2017 ; accessed on October 8, 2017 .
- ↑ Organizational chart for the structure of the riot police presidium. (PDF; 57.01 KB) In: www.polizei.sachsen.de. Saxon State Ministry of the Interior; Department 3, May 2017, accessed October 8, 2017 .
- ↑ Police helicopter squadron, technical. In: www.polizei.sachsen.de. Saxon State Ministry of the Interior; Department 3, accessed October 8, 2017 .
- ↑ Dealer in uniform! The corruption scandal shakes Saxony's police force. Retrieved June 25, 2020 .