Jakob Winter (rabbi)

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Jakob Winter (born June 30, 1857 in Šušara ; died March 18, 1940 in Dresden ) was the third chief rabbi in Dresden since 1887 .


Jakob Winter's grave in the New Jewish Cemetery in Dresden

Jakob Winter began studying the Talmud with a rabbi in Miava at the age of fourteen . He studied Jewish theology at the rabbinical seminars in Berlin and Breslau . In 1886 he received his doctorate from the Philosophical Faculty of the University of Halle .

After the sudden death of the chief rabbi Wolf Landau , Winter received the provisional management of the rabbi business in Dresden after a trial sermon in 1886. On April 8, 1887, Jakob Winter was elected rabbi for life with 237 out of 304 votes. In 1911 he was from the Saxon King Friedrich August III. appointed professor.

In 1936 - under the most difficult external conditions due to the National Socialist rule - he was able to celebrate the rare anniversary of a fifty-year term in office. Then his long-time colleague Albert Wolf took over the official business.

Winter was a delegate of the community and the Saxon Israelite community association. He was also a member of the delegation to lift the ban on slaughter.

He died on March 30, 1940 in Dresden, where his grave is in the New Jewish Cemetery .

Jewish literature since the conclusion of the canon

Jakob Winter and August Wünsche: Jewish literature since the end of the canon

Jakob Winter and August Wünsche were the editors of the three-volume anthology Die Jüdische Literatur in Trier from 1894 to 1897 since the end of the canon. A prosaic and poetic anthology with biographical and literary- historical introductions , a collection of sources for references and examples for teaching post-biblical religious and literary history. Thus the first volume deals with the entire history of Jewish-Hellenistic and Targumian literature, Mishnah , Tosefta , Jerusalem and Babylonian Gemara , the Midrashim , the little tracts and the little Midrashim.


After 1991 the former Otto-Grotewohl-Platz in Dresden- Prohlis was renamed Jacob-Winter-Platz .


  • Jakob Winter / August Wünsche (ed.): The Jewish literature since the end of the canon. A prosaic and poetic anthology with biographical and literary-historical introductions . Trier 1894–1896 ( digitized version of the university library in Frankfurt a. M. ) [Reprograph. Reprint: Olms, Hildesheim 1965].
    • Volume 1: History of Jewish-Hellenistic and Talmudic literature: at the same time an anthology for school and home, Trier 1894.
    • Volume 2: History of rabbinical literature during the Middle Ages and its post-bloom in modern times, Trier 1894.
    • Volume 3: History of the poetic, cabbalistic, historical and modern literature of the Jews, Trier 1896.


  • Kerstin Hagemeyer: Jewish life in Dresden. Exhibition on the occasion of the consecration of the new Dresden synagogue on November 9, 2001 . Saxon State Library - Dresden State and University Library, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-910005-27-6 .
  • Moritz Lazarus : The Ethics of Judaism. Vol. 2, edited by Jakob Winter and August Wünsche . Kaufmann, Frankfurt am Main 1911

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Kerstin Hagemeyer: Jewish life in Dresden. Berlin 2002, p. 143ff.
predecessor Office successor
Wolf Landau Chief Rabbi of Dresden