Bernigau was a social worker by profession. At the age of 31, she applied to be a concentration camp guard. Bernigau began her service in Lichtenburg concentration camp in 1938 . In 1940 she was temporarily assigned to Mauthausen concentration camp for training and later transferred to Ravensbrück concentration camp , where she trained women to be guards. From 1944, Bernigau was the head overseer in the Groß-Rosen concentration camp and was responsible for the management of the women's satellite camps there, where she was awarded a War Merit Cross. In September 1944 she moved to Mauthausen concentration camp and was also employed in the St. Lambrecht satellite camp , where she abused prisoners. When allied forces approached , she fled the camp. Bernigau was never arrested or held responsible for her actions. However, she was interrogated several times after the end of the war, such as in 1969 and 1976.
- Biographical information about "leading", benefiting and / or crime-involved women under National Socialism ( Memento from May 12, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
- Andreas Baumgartner: The forgotten women of Mauthausen. 1997, p. 129
- Andreas Baumgartner: The forgotten women of Mauthausen. 1997, page 199
- Marita Krauss (ed.): You were there: followers, beneficiaries, perpetrators under National Socialism , Göttingen 2008, page 168
- Simone Erpel (Ed.): In the wake of the SS: Overseers of the Ravensbrück women's concentration camp. Accompanying volume for the exhibition. Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-938690-19-2 , p. 30
- Wolfgang Benz , Barbara Distel (ed.): The place of terror . History of the National Socialist Concentration Camps. Volume 4: Flossenbürg, Mauthausen, Ravensbrück. CH Beck, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-406-52964-X , p. 429.
- Isabel Sprenger: Overseers in the women's satellite camps of the Groß-Rosen concentration camp ( Memento of the original from July 14, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 6.43 MB), in: Werkstatt Geschichte 12, Results Verlag, Hamburg 1995, pp. 21–33.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German superintendent in several concentration camps|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 5, 1908|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sagan|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 23, 1992|
|Place of death||Husum|