Jean Baptiste Joseph Gobel
Jean Baptiste Joseph Gobel (born September 1, 1727 in Thann , † April 13, 1794 in Paris ) was a bishop of Paris.
Jean Baptiste Joseph Gobel (actually Göbel) was educated at the Collegium Germanicum in Rome and ordained a priest on December 19, 1750 in Basel . He was canon of Porrentruy ( Switzerland ) and was appointed auxiliary bishop in Basel on February 29, 1772 and at the same time titular bishop of Lydda . He received episcopal ordination from the Bishop of Lausanne , Joseph-Nicolas de Montenach (1709–1782). He was the representative of the Bishop of Basel for the French part of the diocese.
Bishop Gobel in the turmoil of the revolution
In 1789 Gobel was sent to the Estates General as a clergy deputy in Belfort and soon became so friends with the constitutional ideas that the National Assembly transferred the three new dioceses of Paris, Obermarne and Upper Rhine to him at the same time.
On November 7, 1793, he and 14 of his vicars resigned from the ministry, which was interpreted as a renunciation of Christianity. He explained this by saying that since the happy outcome of the revolution there was no longer any need for a national cult other than freedom and equality.
During the revolution in France , at the instigation of Maximilien de Robespierre, attempts were made in 1793 and 1794 to replace conventional religion with the cult of an allegorical goddess of reason . During the first celebrations, an actress embodied this goddess in the Paris Notre-Dame Cathedral . Gobel participates in the cult. Towards the end of the Robespierre reign of terror, atheism suddenly became a crime again. The former archbishop was arrested as an atheist with Pierre Gaspard Chaumette at the same time and guillotined April 13, 1794 .
- Wilhelm Gisi: Gobel, Jean Baptiste Joseph . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 9, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1879, p. 296 f.
- René Voeltzel: Gobel, Jean Baptiste Joseph. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 6, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964, ISBN 3-428-00187-7 , p. 490 f. ( Digitized version ).
- ↑ See Joseph Ratzinger : Faith and Future. Kösel Verlag, Munich 1970, new edition 2007, ISBN 978-3-466-36753-5 , pp. 141f.
|SURNAME||Gobel, Jean Baptiste Joseph|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Johann Baptist Joseph Göbel|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 1, 1727|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Thann|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 13, 1794|
|Place of death||Paris|