Jewish Agency for Israel
The Jewish Agency for Israel ( Hebrew הַסּוֹכְנוּתִ היְּהוּדִית לְאֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל ha-ha-Yehudit Sochnut l'Erets Jisra'el , German , the Jewish Agency for Israel ' ) is a non-profit - immigrant organization based in Jerusalem - Rechavia . The organization is financed by donations.
Term of office
The Jewish Agency was founded on August 11, 1929 at the 16th Zionist Congress . She was the representative of the Jews provided for in the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine and served as the contact point for the British Mandate Administration . Only she was authorized to negotiate with the mandate administration. The Jewish Agency was also responsible for the internal affairs of the Jews living in Palestine, the yishuv .
Your duties included
- Aliyah , immigration
- Assignments of certificates created by the UK mandate
- Settlement of new immigrants
- Construction of new settlements
- Economic development
- Education and culture
- Hospitals and healthcare
In the state of Israel
An agreement concluded in 1952 between the State of Israel, the Jewish Agency and the World Zionist Organization reorganized the tasks. Since the State of Israel declared independence , the Jewish Agency has been primarily responsible for immigration. This means that it motivates Jews around the world to immigrate to Israel. The Jewish Agency today describes its tasks as follows:
- the rescue of Jews in need
- promoting aliyah (immigration) and absorption (integration, Hebrew קְלִיטָה Qlīṭah ) the Olim (עוֹלִים ʿŌlīm , vg . עוֹלֶה ʿŌleh , German for immigrants ) into Israeli society
- the offer of Jewish- Zionist education
- promoting a global Jewish community
The Jewish Agency maintains several absorption centers in the State of Israel , in which immigrants can find accommodation for a limited period of time. In the 1950s, on the other hand, because of their large number , oriental , predominantly Arab Jewish refugees and expellees were usually only accepted into so-called Maʿabbarot (מַעְבָּרוֹת, sg. מַעְבָּרָה Maʿabbarah , German for ' interim camp ' ), makeshift arrangements where they often waited for years to move to regular apartments. At the local level there are numerous organizations that offer various social support measures and educational programs for immigrants.
In 1993 the Jewish Agency launched the “Alijah 2000” project. It includes around 200 alija and absorption programs. "Alijah 2000" tries to organize housing and workplaces even before the arrival of the oleh (immigrant) in Israel. The organization is involved in more than 140 subsidiary companies (as of 2016).
( Elected Chairman of the Executive )
- Frederick Hermann Kisch - 1923–1931
- Chaim Arlosoroff - 1931-1933
- Arthur Ruppin - 1933-1935
- David Ben-Gurion - 1935-1948
- Berl Locker - 1948–56
- Salman Shazar - 1956-61
- Moshe Scharett - 1961-65
- Louis Arie Pincus - 1965-74
- Pinchas Sapir - 1974-75
- Yosef Almogi 1974-75
- Arieh Dulzin - 1974 1978-87
- Simcha Dinitz - 1987-94
- Avraham Burg - 1995–99
- Sallai Meridor - 1999-2005
- Ze'ev Bielski - 2005-09
- Natan Sharansky - 2009-18
- Jitzchak Herzog since 2018
Often the candidate supported by the Israeli prime minister is elected chairman. The election of Jitzchak Herzog in 2018 was the first exception in 23 years.
The organization is represented in 80 countries; over 450 Schlichim (שְׁלִיחִים Schlīchīm , sg.שָׁלִיחַ Shalīach , German for 'emissary' ) are spread over five continents.
- Homepage (German)
- 2016 edition of the Annual Report on Jewish Agency companies (PDF)
- Sabine Brandes: Sharansky's successor. In: www.juedische-allgemeine.de. June 28, 2018, accessed August 1, 2018 .