John I (France)

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King John I's tomb in the Saint-Denis basilica

John I the Posthume , French Jean Ier le Posthume ; (* November 15, 1316 ; † November 19, 1316 ) was the only son of Louis X. of France and his second wife Clementine of Hungary , and therefore briefly King of France.


Johann's father died in June 1316, so that one speaks of a so-called posthumous birth . As the only son of Ludwig, Johann was heir to the throne, but he died only a few days after his birth. Four-year-old Johanna followed in the line of succession , but she was excluded because of doubts about the paternity of Louis (see Tour de Nesle ) (she was later recognized as Queen of Navarre ). The new king was Ludwig's brother Philipp , who had ruled since his death in the summer.

Johann was buried in the tomb of the French kings, the Saint-Denis basilica . When the royal tombs of Saint-Denis were sacked during the French Revolution , his tomb was opened and looted on October 18, 1793, and his remains were buried in a mass grave outside the church.

Philip immediately had Sali's inheritance law - according to which women were generally excluded from the succession - confirmed in order to protect himself against Johanna's later claims. After Philip's death (1322) and the extinction of the male line of the Capetians with Philip and Ludwig's younger brother Karl (1328), the dispute over the succession between the Valois and Plantagenet houses conjured up the Hundred Years War between France and England .

At the time of Johann II , a man appeared who claimed to be Johann I, because he had been exchanged as a baby and an unfamiliar child would have been murdered in his place. He gathered a few followers who followed the old Capetian clan or simply wanted to endanger the young and uncertain rule of the Valois for their own purposes. The uprising was quickly crushed, however.

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Commons : Johann I.  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Louis X. King of France
King of Navarre 1316
Blason pays for FranceAncien.svg Blason Royaume Navarre.svg
Philip V.