Johann of Saxony (1498–1537)

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Johann von Sachsen on a painting by Lucas Cranach the Elder , ca.1537, Metropolitan Museum of Art

Johann von Sachsen (born August 24, 1498 in Dresden ; † January 11, 1537 there ) also called Johann the Younger or Hans of Saxony , was the Hereditary Prince of the Duchy of Saxony from the Albertine line of the Wettins .


Johann was the eldest son of Duke George of Saxony (1471–1539), from his marriage to Barbara (1478–1534), daughter of King Casimir IV of Poland . Due to his father's good relations with the Habsburgs, the prince was brought up together with the later Emperor Charles V in Brussels . Even in his early youth, Johann was involved in government affairs through his father, but he soon developed a tendency to idleness and was more interested in food, alcohol and celebrations.

His father Georg discussed with Landgrave Wilhelm II of Hesse on March 8, 1505 the future marriage of his then 7-year-old son Johann (called Hans) to the 3-year-old Elisabeth of Hesse (1502–1557) and received 25,000 guilders in marriage money. The marriage took place on May 20, 1516 in Kassel . The sister of Philip the Magnanimous , who was inclined to Lutheran teachings , soon came into conflict with her strictly Catholic husband and his parents. Johann is said to have ordered Martin Luther that if his father were adamant about him, he would be steely if he came to the government. After Luther replied that he would certainly not live to see his father's death, Johann is said to have become melancholy and finally died seriously ill.

His wife and father were still debating religious questions on Johann's deathbed. Elisabeth finally introduced the Reformation at her Wittum in Rochlitz . Johann's marriage had remained childless. He is buried in the Meissen Cathedral .


Web links

Commons : Johann von Sachsen (1498–1537)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Adolph Schumann, Albert Schiffner: Complete state, post and newspaper lexicon of Saxony: containing ..., p. 271