k / ch line

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The traditional distribution area of ​​West Upper German (= Alemannic) dialect features in the 19th and 20th centuries

The k / ch line is one of the most important isoglosses in Alemannic . To the north of the line, Germanic k has been retained in the syllable attachment and after l and r ( K opf, K irch, star k , mäl k e ); south of it is to ch [⁠ x ⁠] (become Ch opf, Ch ilche, star ch , mal ch e ). The k / ch line is the main differentiator between theConstruction and maximum Alemannische one hand and the other alemannischen subgroups other.

The k / ch line forms a wedge with the base in the south: Coming from the Alsatian Sundgau , it runs north-east and reaches its northernmost point in Opfingen in Upper Baden . Then it runs south-east through the Black Forest to Lake Constance near Radolfzell . Behind the lake it continues along the Rhine between Switzerland on one side and Vorarlberg and Liechtenstein on the other.

The dialects of Chur and Basel-Stadt are the only dialects south of this line in which it is not ch but k .

The k / ch line was established in this form in 1887 through surveys of the German Language Atlas . In the meantime - for example in Upper Baden - deviations from this line have arisen; the ch was pushed south under high German influence.

See also


  • Hubert Klausmann: The Breisgau dialects. 2 volumes, Marburg 1985