Child trafficking

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Under child trafficking is understood, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) the recruitment, transportation, transmission, housing or the acceptance of underage persons for the purpose of exploitation by means of threat or use of force or other forms coercion, kidnapping , fraud, deception , the abuse of power or a position of vulnerability, or the giving or receiving of money or favors in order to obtain the consent of a person in control of another.

It is estimated that around 400,000 children are trafficked across national borders each year. No official estimates are yet available on child trafficking within national borders. The extent of child trafficking in Germany and Denmark is estimated to be particularly high compared to other European countries. In Germany, the police record predominantly cases in connection with forced prostitution .

The trafficking in children serves u. a. for the purpose:

Child trafficking is a criminal offense due to the international agreement on the suppression of trafficking in women and children of September 30, 1921.

Legal situation in Germany

In Germany , child trafficking is punishable under Section 236 StGB in the form of the sale and purchase of children under the age of 18 and the unauthorized placement of the adoption or permanent admission of a person under the age of 18 for payment or with the intention of enrichment, even if no further goals are pursued.

Furthermore, child exploitation is a criminal offense due to many different legal bases. ( Sexual abuse of children , child pornography , human trafficking, etc.)

The Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Cooperation in the Field of International Adoption was ratified in Germany on November 22, 2001 and entered into force on March 1, 2002.

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Child Trafficking in the European Union - Challenges, Perspectives and Best Practices. Report of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) from July 2009, ISBN 978-92-9192-401-1 ( PDF; 11 MB )
  2. ^ Lost kids, lost futures - The European Union's response to child trafficking. by Mirjam van Reisen and Ana Stefanovic, editors: Terre des Hommes ( online as PostScript )
  3. Federal Situation Report on Human Trafficking 2016. Published by: Federal Criminal Police Office , SO 51, Wiesbaden ( PDF; 530 kB )
  4. International Convention for the Suppression of Trafficking in Women and Children , concluded in Geneva on September 30, 1921