Léoncel Monastery

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Léoncel Cistercian Abbey
location France
Drôme region
Coordinates: 44 ° 54 '39 "  N , 5 ° 11' 34"  E Coordinates: 44 ° 54 '39 "  N , 5 ° 11' 34"  E
Serial number
according to Janauschek
Patronage Assumption Day
founding year 1137
Year of dissolution /
Mother monastery Bonnevaux Monastery (Dauphiné)

Daughter monasteries


The Monastery of Léoncel (Lioncellum) is a former Cistercian abbey in the municipality of Léoncel , 37 kilometers east of the city of Valence in the Drôme department , Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes . The monastery is located 912 m above sea level in the high valley of the Petite Lyonne in the Vercors massif.

Central nave to the west


Facade of the monastery church
Monastery church from the southeast

The monastery was founded in 1137 by monks from the Bonnevaux monastery and was united with the religious community of La Part-Dieu in Chatuzange near Romans-sur-Isère in 1194 after land disputes with the nearby Charterhouse of Val Sainte-Marie de Bouvante had been settled . The union with La Part-Dieu allowed the monks to spend the rougher part of the year (from St. Andrew's Day to Pentecost) in the climatically more favorable plain. The monastery, which made a living from raising cattle, reached its peak in the 12th and 13th centuries. The decline began in the second half of the 13th century, but was interrupted by a resurgence in the 15th century. In 1681 the monastery fell in Kommende after the last three regular abbots had no longer resided in the monastery. Attempts to finally relocate the branch to La Part-Dieu failed because this house was contractually owned by the commander's abbots. During the French Revolution, the monastery was closed in 1790. The church was declared a Monument Historique in 1840. In 1854 the municipality of Léoncel was set up, which owns the church.

Buildings and plant

From the convent the cross-shaped, geostete church with three vessels in the nave, a cross-house, the domed and winning of a stone tower with pyramidal roof crossing, a central apse are 7 / 12 -Schluss and two semicircular side apses as Ostabschluss as well as the built-eastern wing of the exam obtained . The nave of the church has five cross-rib vaulted yokes in the central nave ; the vault pillars begin at the height of the central nave arcades. There is a large oculus in the east wall of the nave, while the west facade has an arched window above the central portal. The transepts are barrel-vaulted, the side aisles are closed by semitons on belt arches. A twin window of the chapter house has been preserved in the east wing.


  • Anselme Dimier , Jean Porche: The Art of the Cistercians in France. Echter, Würzburg 1986, ISBN 3-429-01026-8 , p. 146.
  • Bernard Peugniez: Routier cistercien. Abbayes et sites. France, Belgique, Luxembourg, Suisse. Nouvelle édition augmentée. Éditions Gaud, Moisenay 2001, ISBN 2-84080-044-6 , p. 439.
  • Michel Wullschleger: Léoncel - abbaye de montagne. In: Dossiers d'Archéologie. No. 234, June 1998, ISSN  1141-7137 , p. 74.
  • Michel Wullschleger among others: L'abbaye de Léoncel. no year, without ISBN

Web links

Commons : Léoncel Monastery  - Collection of images, videos and audio files