Table salt substitutes
Table salt substitutes , table salt substitutes or diet salt are salty-tasting chemical compounds that are used to replace sodium chloride ( table salt) in a low-sodium diet . They are used both in the household and in the artisanal and industrial production of food. Salt substitutes can also be iodinated . According to the regulation on dietetic foods (diet regulation), it is considered a dietary food . The addition of table salt substitutes to food is subject to declaration according to Section 18 of the Diet Ordinance.
According to Appendix 3 of the Diet Ordinance, the following are permitted as table salt substitutes
- Compounds of potassium , calcium and magnesium with adipic acid , succinic acid , glutamic acid , carbonic acid , lactic acid , hydrochloric acid , tartaric acid and citric acid as well as monopotassium phosphate , adipic acid and glutamic acid
- Potassium sulfate
- Choline salts of acetic acid , carbonic acid, lactic acid, hydrochloric acid, tartaric acid and citric acid
- Potassium guanylate and potassium inosinate .
According to Section 9 of the Diet Ordinance, adipic acid compounds may not exceed 60 g / kg. Magnesium compounds must be combined with at least one non-magnesium compound and the content of magnesium ions must not exceed 20% of the content of potassium and calcium ions and the content of choline compounds must not exceed 3%. The potassium content must be declared in accordance with § 23 and must be accompanied by the warning " in the event of disturbances in the potassium balance, especially in the case of renal insufficiency , only use after medical advice" .
Cyano complexes such as
- Sodium hexacyanidoferrate (II) (E 535, sodium hexacyanoferrate (II), sodium ferrocyanide),
- Potassium hexacyanidoferrate (II) (E 536, potassium hexacyanoferrate (II), potassium ferrocyanide) and
- Calcium hexacyanidoferrate (II) (E 538, calcium hexacyanoferrate (II), calcium ferrocyanide)
used. The salts are approved in small quantities as an artificial flow aid , release agent and stabilizer for table salt and table salt substitute according to the additive approval regulation. Up to 10 g / kg of magnesium silicate is added to maintain flowability .
“Herbal” salt substitutes are also used, but mostly salts and glutamates are also the main components, along with fats, dried vegetables, spices and additives.
- Peter Kuhnert: Lexicon of food additives: additives, enzymes, technical auxiliaries, food supplements . Behr's Verlag, 2014, ISBN 9783954680009 , p. 170.
- diet regulation
- ZZulV : Appendix 4 (to Section 5, Paragraph 1 and Section 7) Limited additives