Krätzä or KRÄ.TZÄ. (stands for the made-up word KinderRÄchTsZÄnker ) is a children's rights project in Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg that has existed since 1992 and has hardly been active since 2007. KRÄ.TZÄ. is the organization in German-speaking countries that places the demand for equality between children and adults at the center of its work and has developed positions in the areas of political participation, school, family and youth protection based on this. Members of KRÄ.TZÄ. are or were young people, adolescents and students. In 2016, the small initiative consisting of a few now adults still exists. Actions took place until 2007.
Goals and achievements
Krätzä has carried out numerous high-profile campaigns and addressed the public in many different forms: Krätzä has published brochures, posters, reports, postcards, leaflets, press releases, its own rainbow magazine, election campaign posters, newspaper special editions, policy texts, stickers, large posters and films and organized partly international excursions, seminars and information days and gave lectures. Krätzä organized exhibitions and conferences, initiated legal proceedings to enforce children's rights, including twice before the Federal Constitutional Court . In addition, Krätzä organized demonstrations, press conferences and campaigns. Krätzä published the human rights report “Discrimination against the child”. Krätzä has had its own website since March 1996.
Krätzä advocates radical equality between children and adults and advocates the replacement of compulsory schooling with a state-guaranteed right to education , the introduction of the right to vote for children and equal treatment in the family.
Suffrage for children
KRÄTZÄ was the first organization to campaign for the right to vote without age limit. Over the years, other organizations such as the Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations , the German Children's Fund , the Green Youth and Young Democrats / Young Left have joined this demand. Supported by Krätzä publications, the Pirate Party Berlin , the Pirate Party Saxony and the Young Pirates now also represent this position.
In 1995 a 13 and a 16 year old Krätzä member filed a constitutional complaint . They criticized the fact that Article 38 of the Basic Law (age limit for voting rights ) contradicts Article 20 ("All state authority comes from the people."), Since children belong to the people. The complaint was supported by numerous celebrities, including a. Gregor Gysi , Hannelore Elsner , Klaus Hurrelmann and Jens Reich .
The complaint was rejected for the formal reason because the "applicable one-year deadline [...] had not been adhered to": Since Article 38 was already included in the first Basic Law of 1949, the complaint should have been submitted by 1950 at the latest.
This constitutional complaint was later referred to in legal publications.
In 1998 Krätzä tried to challenge the previous federal election . As in the 1995 constitutional complaint, it was argued that Article 20 GG contradicts Article 38 GG, in the hope that the Federal Constitutional Court would now deal with the content of the argument.
However, this election review complaint was also rejected by the Federal Constitutional Court in 2000 , with the grounds
- For compelling reasons, it has always been seen as compatible with the principle of the general public of elections that the exercise of the right to vote is linked to the attainment of a minimum age.
Krätzä actively supported the petition campaign I want to vote , which was included in an intergroup application Dare more democracy through voting rights from birth , initiated by FDP MP Klaus Haupt . The application was rejected by the Bundestag in June 2005. In the reading, the position of Krätzä was described by PDS MP Petra Pau :
“However, all debates that really revolve around the voting age are more exciting. Some think that a reduction to 16 years is conceivable. Others argue for 14 years. The children's rights organization 'KRÄTZÄ' from Berlin does not advertise any age restrictions with good reasons. The 'children brawlers', as they are called in the long version, argue in terms of democratic theory. But they also plead from experience when they say that only those who can vote are taken seriously by politics. Unfortunately, children are far too rarely included. "
Krätzä speaks out against compulsory learning, rejects school grades and wants to replace compulsory schooling with a right to education. Krätzä contributed to making the concept of the Sudbury Schools and other Democratic Schools known in German-speaking countries. This led to the emergence of numerous school foundation initiatives and the existence of eight democratic schools in six federal states.
Refusal to take chemistry classes
In order to draw attention to the arbitrariness of curricula, in 1996 Krätzä member Benjamin Kiesewetter informed his school director with a 5-page reason that he would no longer attend chemistry classes. In addition to the “redundancy of the learning content”, he cited other reasons: waste of time and energy and teaching and learning conditions that are hazardous to health and development. This refusal and the subsequent dealings by the school authorities met with a great deal of media coverage in Berlin, led to detailed debates to the editor in newspapers and small inquiries from parliamentarians to the Senate.
Student counseling: the pupils
In 2000, Krätzä founded a consultancy for schoolchildren through schoolchildren “The pupils - schoolchildren-makes-against-pressure”, financed with funds from the Micropolis funding program . For this purpose, brochures and flyers were printed and a separate website was set up.
Cinema spot: 50 years of mandatory food in Germany
In 2001, with the collaboration of Berlin filmmakers, a 30-second cinema spot was created that ran for several years in commercial cinemas in the commercials before the main film. It describes a fictitious "compulsory meal" that obliges children - similar to compulsory schooling - to eat in state canteens.
Organization of IDEC
The 13th International Democratic Education Conference (IDEC) 2005 was co-organized by Krätzä in the lead. The opening speech was given by the then Senator for Education, Klaus Böger .
Visit by the UN Special Rapporteur
Krätzä was one of the selected non-governmental organizations that were allowed to speak and submit a brief during the visit of UN reporter Vernor Muñoz to Germany in February 2006 .
Visit and documentation of democratic schools
In the early 2000s, Krätzä members attended several Democratic Schools , including Summerhill and the Democratic School in Hadera . This resulted in the film Pretty Cool System - Living and Learning at the Democratic School in Hadera .
In 2006 the film Democratic Schools , shot at IDEC 2005 and funded by the Federal Ministry of Education with EUR 30,000 , was released.
The series 100 German Years, broadcast by several ARD stations at the turn of the millennium, is in the episode Leerjare by Claus Strigel and deals with the history of the German education system, in which Krätzä plays an essential role.
Topic: Equality in the family
KRÄTZÄ advocates equal treatment between children and adults. The basic text educate is common is an important point of reference for the uneducated movement .
In the media
KRÄTZÄ achieved national fame in 1995 through television and press reports on the constitutional complaint about voting age.
KRÄTZÄ representatives have been interview partners for Berlin radio stations on several occasions, including as guests on Radio Fritz's talk show Blue Moon . In 1998 the major Japanese daily Asahi Shimbun reported extensively on KRÄTZÄ. In the March 3, 2000 edition, the Berliner Zeitung reported extensively on Krätzä .
In 1997 a 45-minute documentary film about KRÄTZÄ was made for the WDR series “Menschen hautnah”.
KRÄTZÄ and their demands are mentioned in several school books .
Krätzä was networked with other organizations that pursue similar goals and intentions, such as the Natras (movement of working children and young people in Nicaragua ). They took part in congresses and hearings at home and abroad and were invited to a large youth congress in Japan in 2001 .
- First prize (shared) Youth and Family Foundation of the State of Berlin, 1998
- (Ed.): Discrimination against the child - a human rights report . Self-published, Berlin 1998 (online) .
- Mike Weimann: Right to vote for children. A polemic . Beltz, Weinheim 2002, ISBN 3-407-56205-5 , especially Chapter 10 (online) .
- ↑ BE: Right to choose children. In: Wiki of the Pirate Party . January 8, 2010, accessed October 4, 2014 .
- ^ Election poster "Right to vote for all Berliners - regardless of age and origin. In: Wiki of the Pirate Party . September 2011, accessed on October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ Saxony's pirates demand the right to vote for everyone. (No longer available online.) August 20, 2014, archived from the original on October 6, 2014 ; Retrieved October 4, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Right to vote from birth. (No longer available online.) In: Young Pirates website . Archived from the original on October 6, 2014 ; Retrieved October 4, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Two pupils are suing for the right to vote - the constitutional court should decide on voting age. In: Press release from Krätzä. August 23, 1995, accessed October 5, 2014 .
- ↑ Internal contradictions in the Basic Law? In: Legal grounds for the constitutional complaint. April 25, 1995, accessed October 5, 2014 .
- ↑ List of supporters of the constitutional complaint. In: Krätzä website. August 23, 1995, accessed October 5, 2014 .
- ^ Decision of the Federal Constitutional Court. In: Krätzä website. January 8, 1996, accessed October 5, 2014 .
- ↑ Benjamin Kiesewetter, May we withhold the right to vote from children? in: Archive for Legal and Social Philosophy, Vol. 95, 2009, Issue 2, pp. 252–273
- ^ Franziska Törring, One Child, one Vote? - On the debate about the right to vote for children, diploma thesis, Free University of Berlin, 86 pages, 1997
- ^ Contesting the Bundestag election. In: Krätzä website. November 24, 1998, accessed October 6, 2014 .
- ^ Inquiry from the Federal Constitutional Court. In: Krätzä website. July 5, 2000, accessed October 6, 2014 .
- ^ Proposal - Dare more democracy through a right to vote from birth . German Bundestag , printed matter 15/1544, September 11, 2003 (PDF; 191 kB).
- ↑ Plenary minutes of April 1, 2004. In: German Bundestag . April 1, 2004, accessed October 5, 2014 .
- ↑ Democratic School X - The summary of the history of this school, how it was founded, etc. In: EUDEC website . Retrieved October 5, 2014 .
- ↑ Refusal to take chemistry lessons “Right to Education Instead of Compulsory Education”. In: Krätzä website. February 28, 1996, accessed October 6, 2014 .
- ↑ Letter to the headmaster. In: Krätzä website. February 28, 1996, accessed October 6, 2014 .
- ^ Rebellion against "meaningless" drumming. In: Berliner Zeitung . November 28, 1996, accessed October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ The director is now just annoyed. In: Berliner Zeitung . December 14, 1996, accessed October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ expelled from school. In: Berliner Zeitung . December 19, 1996, accessed October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ Is there soon a la carte lessons in schools? In: Berliner Zeitung . February 14, 1997, accessed October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ How many chemistry lessons does a student need? In: Berliner Zeitung . February 15, 1997, accessed October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ School rebel does not give up. In: Berliner Zeitung . April 9, 1997, accessed October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ Small question in the Berlin House of Representatives. In: Krätzä website. November 22, 1996, accessed October 6, 2014 .
- ↑ the pupils. In: Website for advice. Retrieved October 6, 2014 .
- ↑ 50 years of mandatory food in Germany. In: website for the film. Retrieved October 6, 2014 .
- ↑ host. In: IDEC 2005 website . Accessed October 6, 2014 .
- ^ Greetings from the Senator for Education, Youth and Sport, Klaus Böger. In: IDEC 2005 website . Accessed October 6, 2014 .
- ^ Report to the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education. In: Krätzä website. February 19, 2006, accessed October 6, 2014 .
- ↑ Pretty Cool System - Live and Learn at the Democratic School in Hadera. In: website for the film. Retrieved October 6, 2014 .
- ^ Democratic Schools. In: website for the film. Retrieved October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ 100 German years. In: fernsehserien.de . Retrieved October 6, 2014 .
- ^ Claus Strigel : Leerjare - The Germans and the school. In: DENKmal-Film . Retrieved September 16, 2019 .
- ↑ Upbringing is mean. Retrieved October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ Already with the pacifier to the urn? In: Berliner Zeitung . August 24, 1995, accessed October 4, 2014 .
- ↑ "Education is mean". In: Berliner Zeitung . March 3, 2000, accessed October 24, 2014 .
- ↑ People up close : Krätzä, first broadcast: WDR television , April 24, 1998
- ↑ "Politics and I" quote Wahlrecht für Kinder, p. 28 in Dagmar Giersberg, Dieter Maenner, prima B1 - German for young people Volume 5, Cornelsen Schulverlage GmbH Berlin, 2014, 1st edition
- ↑ Cited as secondary literature by: Michaela Schmid: Erziehungsratgeber und Erziehungswissenschaft - on the theory-practice problem of popular educational writings (= Klinkhardt research ). Klinkhardt, Bad Heilbrunn 2010, ISBN 978-3-7815-1782-0 , p. 395.