Cross-gabled house

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Typical compact Appenzeller house on a closed floor plan ( Trogen in Hopsbermoos , Wald AR)
Farmhouse with attached stable ( Ulrichis in Haslen AI )

The cross-gable house is a courtyard shape in which the utility wing (utility building) is attached to the eaves , i.e. lengthways to the side of the house. The resulting T-shaped roof design with the crossed gable distinguishes this design from the L-shaped two-sided courtyard (hook courtyard).

Cross-gable houses with ridge-like cross gables are typical of the traditional construction method that characterizes the landscape in Appenzellerland . From the 18th to the 20th century, Appenzell farmhouses were built almost exclusively in this form. This design has largely replaced the older forms of the Appenzellerhaus , the Einhof -form Heidenhaus (flat eaves roof) and Tatschdachhaus (steeper gable roof). The advantage is that both the house facade (traditionally with its typical Appenzell ribbon windows) and the stables can look into the sunny side, and in the steeper terrain allow more extensive buildings by lying along the contour line.

Cross-gabled houses can also be found from western Styria to the Salzkammergut , where it is not an independent design, but one of the numerous transitional forms from the south-eastern Austrian Hakenhof to alpine courtyards ( group courtyards , single courtyards ).

In the Appenzellerland, new buildings in the shape of the cross gable are also being built, although the construction costs are greater. In the new Alpine architecture in particular , the cross gable is used again together with other traditional and modern forms.

Individual evidence

  1. a b The Appenzellerhaus in Teufen. The development of the Appenzell farm and town house. In: Tüüfner Poscht , April 2000, p. 16 f (pdf,, p. 11 there).
  2. ^ Isabell Hermann: The farmhouses of both Appenzell . Appenzeller Verlag, Herisau 2004, ISBN 978-3-85882-387-8 , p. 352 .
  3. cf. Burkhard Pöttler: The rural house in the judicial district of Stainz: an investigation of historical house forms in western Styria . Volume 21 of publications by the Austrian Museum for Folklore , self-published by the Austrian Museum for Folklore, 1986, ISBN 978-390035930-0 , p. 182 f ( limited preview in the Google book search);
    Entry on farm forms in the Austria Forum  (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon );
    Farms in West Styria ,, Styria Portal | Our country | Traditions .
  4. Examples from the Salzburg Salzkammergut, for example an entry on farmhouse pictures: Gschwandt in the Austria Forum
  5. Arrived in the 21st century. ( Memento of the original from April 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In Eastern Switzerland , May 24, 2013 (webrepro of the page, pdf,