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Krivošije: plateau around Crkvice

Krivošije (Crivosije) is a high plateau in the eastern part of the Orjen Mountains in Montenegro between the Polje Grahovo and the Bay of Risan in the Bay of Kotor .


With the uprising of the Montenegrin mountain population in the uprising of the Krivošije in 1869 against the Austrian restriction of the old rights and privileges of the Bocchese and Krivošije, a guerrilla war began that was costly for both sides. In the fighting at the Fort of Dragalj, the limits of the military capabilities of the Imperial and Royal Army in difficult terrain and wintry weather conditions, as well as in the determination of the Montenegrins, became apparent. It was negotiated on January 11, 1870 in the Peace of Knežlaz, a peaceful settlement of the struggle. It was not until the suppression of the Second Krivošije Uprising in 1882 that Austria-Hungary under Stephan von Jovanović secured the mountainous region in the back of the Bay of Kotor and subsequently built numerous forts on the plateau around Crkvice , Kameno more and Dragalj, which protected the military port from attacks of the Russian-backed Serbs who were trying to gain access to the Adriatic .

Ice age moraine deposits discovered at the end of the 19th century prove that the Orjen Mountains were heavily glaciated in the Pleistocene . The deposits of the glacier give the plateau today's geological and geomorphological significance. A road that leads from Risan to the Orjen saddle (altitude at 1594 m) has made the Orjen accessible to mountain tourism.


The Krivošije is inhabited by the Montenegrin-Serbian hill tribe. The former 7 settlements in 1953 with a population of 1053 are characterized by strong population emigration. In 2003 only 186 people lived here. The Krivošije communicates very closely with the Polje of Grahovo , which, as the most important arable area and an important karst river, is the regional center. In 1953 3585 inhabitants lived here in 14 places. By 2003 the population sank to 1321 here too.

During the Ottoman and Habsburg monarchy, the Krivošijer were a freedom-loving people that both the Ottomans and Austria-Hungarians successfully opposed. When Herzegovina was still under the Ottomans, there was a common saying in the Bay of Kotor: If the Krivošijer and Risaner did not exist, then the whole Boka (Bay of Kotor) would have paid the haraç (land tax for non-Muslims) to the Turks .

Web links

Commons : Krivošije  - collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Branko Radojičić [1] Krivošije i Grahovo - novi putevi za nove šanse razvoja

Individual evidence

  1.  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  

Coordinates: 42 ° 33 ′ 0 ″  N , 18 ° 39 ′ 0 ″  E