Lakedaimon (Greek: Λακεδαίμων, Lakedaimōn ) is the son of Zeus and the mountain nymph Taygete and the progenitor of the Lakedaimonians ( Spartans ) in Greek mythology . In historical times, the term is used sporadically as a formal designation of the Spartan state and / or is used in the personal form Lacedaemonian.
As king he succeeded Eurotas on the throne, since he had no male descendants. He founded a new capital and named it Sparta after his wife. His empire, today's Laconia region , he named Lacedaemon after himself . Between Sparta and Amyklai he built a temple for the Charites and named them Phaenna and Kleta .
- Library of Apollodorus , 2, 26; 3, 116.
- Pausanias , travels in Greece , 3, 1, 2 - 3; 3, 18, 46; 3, 20, 2.
- Michael Grant , John Hazel: Lexicon of ancient myths and figures. dtv, ISBN 3-423-32508-9
- Robert von Ranke-Graves : Greek Mythology - Sources and Interpretation. rororo, ISBN 3-499-55404-6
King of Sparta
14th century BC Chr.