Gross Schönebeck

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Gross Schönebeck
municipality Schorfheide
Coat of arms of Groß Schönebeck
Coordinates: 52 ° 54 ′ 25 ″  N , 13 ° 31 ′ 54 ″  E
Height : 54 m above sea level NHN
Area : 30.92 km²
Residents : 1734  (Dec. 30, 2018)
Population density : 56 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : October 26, 2003
Postal code : 16244
Area code : 033393
Gross Schönebeck (Brandenburg)
Gross Schönebeck

Location of Groß Schönebeck in Brandenburg

Groß Schönebeck has been part of the non-governmental municipality Schorfheide in the Barnim district in Brandenburg since 2003 . It emerged as an independent village in the 13th and 14th centuries. Century.


The place is located 12 kilometers northwest of Finowfurt , the seat of the municipal administration and 20 kilometers northwest of Eberswalde , the administrative seat of the district. The district of Böhmerheide , the inhabited districts of Döllner Heide , Sarnow and Sperlingsaue as well as the following residential areas are located in the district of Groß Schönebeck : Altlotzin , Döllner Siedlung , Eichheide , Gardix , Grahsee , Klein Dölln , Rehluch and Wildfang .


According to the latest findings, Groß Schönebeck was first mentioned in a document in 1313. Local researchers derived the name from scone = beautiful and beke = brook, which means "settlement on the beautiful, bright, clear brook". According to the Landbuch der Mark Brandenburg from 1375, the village of Schonebeke comprised 64  Hufen , and there was also a castle of the same name, built at the beginning of the 13th century. The later market town was on the medieval Uckermark military and trade route from Berlin to Prenzlau. The Electors of Brandenburg often hunted the Schorfheide from here in the 15th and 16th centuries . In his book Die Hosen des Herr von Bredow , Willibald Alexis described a fight between Elector Joachim II and a bear in the heath in 1522 . Danish troops destroyed Schönebeck Castle in the Thirty Years War . The village was also destroyed during this time, only the stone tower of the church remained.

A hunting lodge was built at the end of the 17th century . In the 19th century, King Friedrich II of Prussia maintained the royal forest ranger's office in Groß Schönebeck in the woods around Groß Schönbeck , and from then on the chief forester lived in the castle.

In a lexicon from 1905 it says about Groß Schönebeck:

"[...] has a Protestant church , forestry school, 2 chief foresters, 2 steam sawmills, brick kiln."

Other factories located in Groß Schönebeck, such as Becker und Sohn – Karl Wagner and the sawmill and timber dealer C. Wörpel & Sohn , were dismantled by the Soviet occupying forces after the Second World War and (probably) served as reparation payments.

The community of Groß Schönebeck (Schorfheide), which existed in the 20th century, included Schluft (since 1972) and Klandorf (since 1974). Böhmerheide was a settlement area in the place Groß Schönebeck.

After German reunification , the state of Brandenburg was created. The new state structures led to organizational changes: on July 31, 1992, the Groß Schönebeck (Schorfheide) -Land office was formed with its seat in the municipality of Groß Schönebeck (Schorfheide), consisting of the five municipalities of Groß Schönebeck, Zerpenschleuse , Sophienstädt , Ruhlsdorf and Marienwerder . As a result of a community reform in Brandenburg, Groß Schönebeck and Finowfurt merged on October 26, 2003 to form the community of Schorfheide .

The Schorfheide Museum has been located in the castle since 1991 .

Although Groß Schönebeck was first mentioned in 1313 (see above), a 707th anniversary celebration took place on July 7, 2007 as the slightly crazy village festival.


Population development of Groß Schönebeck from 1800 to mid-2017 (blue). In comparison the former districts of Groß Schönebeck Schluft (red) and Klandorf (green)
year Gross
Schluft Klandorf
to Groß
to Groß
1800 1 085 . .
1839 1 372 . .
1875 1 751 202 436
1890 2,077 170 485
1900 2 026 . .
1925 1 755 221 351
1933 2 007 198 344
1939 2 184 171 316
year Gross
Schluft Klandorf
1946 2,697 290 453
1950 2,862 280 423
1971 2 250 182 303
1981 2 423 . .
1990 2 450 . .
1995 2,388 . .
2000 2 405 . .
2002 2,349 . .
2013 1 725
(June 30)
1 775

Territorial status of the respective year, from 2013 registration of the community of Schorfheide

Buildings (selection)

Hunting lodge

Hunting lodge Groß Schönebeck (2015)

The hunting lodge Groß Schönebeck was built from 1680 for Friedrich Wilhelm , the Great Elector. After it was completed in 1715, Friedrich Wilhelm I , the soldier king, moved in. The simple two-storey building served as the residence of royal guests and the starting point for their hunting parties. After the end of the Prussian state after the Second World War , the hunting lodge was used as the residence and administrative seat of a forest ranger family. In 2001, the Schorfheide Museum opened in the rooms with many exhibits about the origin and development of this landscape area. Since 2006 there has been a permanent exhibition in two rooms of the museum about the boxer and enthusiastic hunter Max Schmeling . One of the halls is designed as a boxing room, in which a boxing ring invites visitors to their own activities with a sandbag, and films with original recordings by Schmeling can also be seen. The other room is set up as a natural space, which presents the boxer's hunting trophies as well as private photo albums of the world star.


Immanuelkirche Groß Schönebeck

The village church Groß Schönebeck is a formerly plastered baroque hall building from the years 1664–1673 with a medieval tower made of stone masonry, which contains a baroque organ that has been rebuilt several times.

Economy and Infrastructure


Since the 1990s, the inhabitants of the place have been living mainly from agriculture and tourism .

The Schorfheide Wildlife Park , maintained by rangers, is home to bisons and wolves , among other things . Visitors can book tours.

On the outskirts of Groß Schönebeck in the Sarnow district is the former state stud farm of the GDR Gut Sarnow. A riding stables, restaurant and hotel have been operating on the site since the 1990s.


Groß Schönebeck station

Groß Schönebeck is located on state road  100 from Zerpenschleuse to Mittenwalde (until 2005 federal road 109 ). It was built between 1830 and 1832 as part of the road from Berlin to Prenzlau .

In 1901 the place was connected to the Reinickendorf-Liebenwalde-Groß Schönebecker Eisenbahn, the Heidekrautbahn , which has been called Regionalbahn RB 27 since the 21st century and is operated by the NEB from Berlin-Karow to Groß Schönebeck (timetable number 209.27).


Since the 2007/08 school year, the Kleine Grundschule Groß Schönebeck has been the only school in the state of Brandenburg to offer chess as a subject. In 2008/09, 35 pupils in grades 1 to 3 were introduced to the royal game every week. The Kleine Grundschule was the only educational institution in Barnim to be a partner school of the 2008 International Chess Olympiad . Thanks to exemplary project work, the participants succeeded in qualifying as one of the smallest schools in Germany for the final tournament of the partner schools.


In 1946 the sports community Vorwärts Groß Schönebeck was founded and in 1953 it was renamed Tractor Schorfheide , which operated football . The sports club has been called SV Schorfheide Groß Schönebeck e. V. The range of active sports was gradually expanded; at the beginning of 2011, 249 members were organized in ten sports departments. In 2006 the SV Schorfheide Groß Schönebeck e. V. the first sports club in the state of Brandenburg to offer the sport of biathlon according to the International Biathlon Union (IBU) as a popular sport and in a competitive sport.

The football club is now called FSV Schorfheide Groß Schönebeck e. V. and has been playing in the Barnim League since the relay win in the 1st district class 2010/11 . The football club is also the organizer of the traditional May 1st tournament , which has been held since 1975 and is attended by teams from the area every year.

The chess players are as chess friends Groß Schönebeck in Finowfurter SV e. V. organized.

Town twinning

A partnership agreement was signed with the Polish Baltic Sea community of Mielno in the 1990s. Since then, delegation exchanges, sport comparisons and mutual cultural events have taken place on this basis.


Sons and daughters of the church

Personalities associated with Groß Schönebeck

  • Emil Bartoschek (1899–1969), painter, lived in Groß Schönebeck
  • Walter Krumbach (1917–1985), author of children's books and songs (including "Sandman, dear Sandman ..."), puppet shows and comics, lived in Groß Schönebeck


  • Hans-Joachim Beeskow : Guide through the Protestant churches of the Barnim church district. Heimat-Verlag, Lübben 1999. ISBN 3929600161
  • Helmut Suter: Groß Schönebeck. 700 years of history. 2007

Web links

Commons : Groß Schönebeck  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population statistics . Schorfheide community, December 30, 2018, accessed January 22, 2019 .
  2. Community Schorfheide - districts according to § 45 municipal constitution - inhabited districts - living spaces. In: Ministry of the Interior and Local Affairs of the State of Brandenburg, accessed on May 24, 2016 .
  3. BrandenburgViewer of the state survey and geographic base information Brandenburg (LGB)
  4. Johannes Schultze (ed.): The land book of the Mark Brandenburg from 1375 . Commission publisher von Gsellius, Berlin 1940, p. 38-39, 148-149 .
  5. Königlich Preußischer Staats-Anzeiger: 1867, 1–3 , reference to a timber auction in Groß Schönebeck in Mr. Wreh's inn, 1867 , accessed on November 12, 2017.
  6. Groß Schönebeck in Meyers Lexikon, 1905 , accessed on November 11, 2017.
  7. Klaus Neitmann, Jochen Laufer: Dismantling in the Soviet Zone of Occupation and in Berlin 1945 to 1948. Subject-related archive inventory , BWV Berlin Berlin, 2014, accessed on on November 12, 2017.
  8. Formation of the Ahrensfelde / Blumberg, Werneuchen, Groß Schönebeck (Schorfheide) -Land offices. Announcement of the Minister of the Interior of July 13, 1992. Official Gazette for Brandenburg - Joint Ministerial Gazette for the State of Brandenburg, Volume 3, Number 54, July 31, 1992, p. 971/2.
  9. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003
  10. Homepage of the Schorfheide Museum , accessed on November 12, 2017.
  11. Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Barnim . Pp. 18-21
  12. Population of the districts of the community Schorfheide
  13. Ew. in 1900 according to Meyers Lexicon 1905
  14. Barnim 2007/2008 , Dacapo press office (ed.), P. 83: Max Schmeling in the hunting lodge Groß Schönebeck
  15. ^ Homepage of the Sarnow estate ; Retrieved January 29, 2010.
  16. Schorfheide-Kurier , Edition 6/2007, title page.