Tschugg is located on the southeastern slope of the Jolimont , in the mild climate of the Lake Biel wine-growing region . Vines grow on the slopes and the fields in the valley lie on drained peatland. Viticulture , which was previously important , declined sharply after 1900 as a result of vine diseases and has only been cultivated again since 1974 (1879 42 ha; 2011 6 ha). To the south of the village center is the former country estate that today houses the Bethesda Clinic. The area includes the country estate with farm, which was restored from 1973 to 1976, a vineyard and a nursery.
The patricians owned wineries, on the one hand to cover their own needs and on the other hand to be able to sell wine. They had the vineyards conveniently expanded not only to monitor harvesting work, but also to make their stay more pleasant, as was the case in Tschugg. The original owners were the Berseth , whose farm was called the Laubenhaus from 1358. The property came to Christoph Steiger I in 1678 through the marriage of Anna Katharina Berseth in 1678. He bequeathed the property to his son Christoph Steiger II. The house was expanded into a country estate in the 18th century. An octagonal dining room has been preserved in the western extension from 1765 to 1768. It was furnished with illusionistic paintings , flower arrangements and decorations according to plans by Erasmus Ritter . The three-part window front in Venetian Serliana style opens the room to the south. To the north of the courtyard, an arcade connects the two wings of the building.
The philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel worked for three years in Tschugg as a private tutor. The upbringing of Steiger's two children gave Hegel enough time to deal with philosophical works that Steiger owned in his large library. Hegel had no eyes for the beauty of nature and noted after a mountain hike through the Bernese Alps :
“Reason finds nothing in the thought of the duration of these mountains or in the kind of sublimity that is ascribed to them, that impresses it, that compels it to be amazed or admired. The sight of these eternally dead masses gave me nothing but the idea: it is so. "
The last private owner Friedrich von Steiger (1834–1889) sold the campaign to the Canton of Bern in 1879 . The estate has housed today's Bethesda Clinic since 1889. With a number of new buildings and extensions, it became an important center for neurorehabilitation . Today special departments for brain injured , Parkinson's and epilepsy sufferers are connected. The clinic is the largest employer in the community.
- Hans A. Haeberli: The Tschugg library and its owners . In: Ernst Walder, Peter Gilg, u. a. (Ed.): Hans von Greyerz celebrated his sixtieth birthday on April 5, 1967 . Lang, Bern 1967, DNB 573318417 , OCLC 1180683 , p. 731-745 .
- Peter Meyer: Settlement and architecture in the canton of Bern . Büchler, Bern 1987, ISBN 3-7170-186-8 ( defective ) .
- Andres Moser: Tschugg . In: Society for Swiss Art History (Ed.): Die Kunstdenkmäler des Kantons Bern . Country volume 2: The Erlach district, the Nidau district 1st part. Wiese, Basel 1998, ISBN 3-909164-63-3 , p. 222-256 .
- Helmut Schneider, Norbert Waszek (ed.): Hegel in Switzerland. (1793-1796) . Lang, Frankfurt am Main 1997, ISBN 3-631-46018-X .
- Anne-Marie Dubler : Tschugg. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- University of Tübingen, professors and lecturers
- GWF Hegel, Life, Section 3