Leonard Chess (* March 12, 1917 in Motal , Poland as Lejzor Czyz , † October 16, 1969 in Chicago ) was the owner of the music label Chess Records , which had many well-known blues musicians under contract.
Leonhard Chess and his brother Philip , born in Poland, came to Chicago in 1928 . They bought into Aristocrat Records in 1947 and steered the Chicago company towards the blues with musicians like Muddy Waters , Sunnyland Slim and Willie Dixon .
In 1948 the brothers took over the company completely and renamed it Chess Records . Titles like My Foolish Heart ( Gene Ammons ), Rollin 'Stone ( Muddy Waters ) and That's All Right ( Jimmy Rogers ) were evidence of the company's new direction. Perhaps the most influential artist Chess Records initially signed was Little Walter , whose pronounced harmonica playing revolutionized the blues .
Chess contacted Sam Phillips of Sun Records to find new artists. Philips recruited Howlin 'Wolf , Bobby Bland , Rufus Thomas and Dr. Isaiah Ross . This was followed by Bo Diddley and Sonny Boy Williamson II. In the 1950s, the success grew the company with artists and bands like The Moonglows , The Flamingos , Chuck Berry , Etta James , Fontella Bass , Koko Taylor , Little Milton , Laura Lee and Tommy Tucker .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Czyz, Lejzor (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Polish-American entrepreneur|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 12, 1917|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Motal , Poland|
|DATE OF DEATH||16th October 1969|
|Place of death||Chicago|