Muddy Waters (born April 4, 1913 in Rolling Fork , Mississippi , † April 30, 1983 in Westmont , Illinois ; actually McKinley Morganfield ) was one of the most influential American blues musicians . The Rolling Stone Magazine puts him at number 17 of the top 100 artists of all time .
Childhood and youth
Muddy Waters was born as McKinley Morganfield . Because the family lived near a small tributary of the Mississippi called Deer Creek and he often played in it and got dirty in the process, his grandmother nicknamed him Muddy Waters . In 1918 his mother died and he grew henceforth with his grandmother in Clarksdale .
He taught himself to play the harmonica as a teenager , and around 1930 performed at parties and juke joints with Scott Bowhandle ( guitar ), Son Simms ( fiddle ) and Louis Ford ( mandolin ) . In 1932 he bought his first guitar and Scott Bowhandle taught him the basics of the instrument. Influenced by Son House and Robert Johnson , Muddy Waters developed a bottleneck technique over the next few years .
Beginning as a musician
While Waters worked as a tractor driver on the Stovall Plantation, in 1941 he recorded a few songs for the music researchers Alan Lomax and John Work , who were documenting folk music in the US southern states on behalf of the US Library of Congress . Two of these recordings ( Country Blues / I Be's Troubled ) appeared on a shellac record , which was not intended for sale, but only served for documentation purposes. Further recordings followed in 1942 and showed Muddy Waters also in interaction with the guitarist Charles Berry and as a member of the Son Simms Four . These recordings - like the rest of the recordings from 1941 - were intended for the archives of the National Library and were only partially published by Pete Welding on Testament Records in 1966 . A complete edition ( The Complete Plantation Recordings ) of the recordings was presented in 1993 by MCA Records .
In 1943, like many other African-Americans at the time, Waters moved north to Chicago . There he initially lived with his sister and found work in a paper mill. On the side he continued to play the guitar and cemented his reputation as a blues musician. In order to assert himself in the often overcrowded and therefore very noisy clubs, he soon swapped his acoustic guitar for an electric guitar . Through Big Bill Broonzy he got into a blues club called Sylvio’s , where musicians like Sonny Boy Williamson II , Doctor Clayton and Tampa Red also performed. In 1946 he got his first chance to record a record for a commercial, if obscure record label ( 20th Century ). The result Mean Red Spider was only published as the B-side on a single by the singer James "Sweet Lucy" Carter. Another recording session in September 1946 for Columbia Records remained unreleased until 1973. In 1947 Muddy played with the pianist Sunnyland Slim for the short-lived label Tempo-Tone . When he had an appointment with the record company "Aristocrat", he had Muddy Waters look for him so that he could accompany him. At the end of the recording session, Waters was able to record two of his own compositions: Gypsy Woman / Little Annie Mae , which did not become a hit. In 1948 he got another chance at Aristocrat Records and recorded his two pieces I Can't Be Satisfied and I Feel Like Going Home (which he had already played to Alan Lomax).
Although these two pieces sounded completely different from the popular blues pieces of the time ( Louis Jordan , Nat King Cole , etc.), they became a regional hit. Therefore, at the insistence of his record company, Muddy Waters initially recorded more pieces in a rather sparse line-up with only electric guitar and double bass . At his concerts, however, Muddy Waters has long appeared with his own band, which at the time included Jimmy Rogers , Little Walter and Leroy Foster (replaced by Elgin Evans ). In the meantime, Aristocrat Records (later Chess Records ) had recognized the potential of the band and released records with an expanded line-up that could build on the success of I Can't Be Satisfied and I Feel Like Going Home . Hits from this period included Louisiana Blues (1951), Long Distance Call (1951), Still A Fool (1951) and She Moves Me (1952).
King of the Chicago Blues
In 1953 the pianist Otis Spann joined the band and the sound changed again. Waters played less guitar at the time and concentrated more on his singing. Bassist Willie Dixon wrote a few hits for Muddy Waters and was featured in most of the studio sessions. The line-up of the band changed several times in the following years with growing success. Recordings from this period - such as I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man (1954), Just Make Love To Me (1954), Mannish Boy (1955) or Trouble No More (1956) - marked a high point in his career and are now considered classics of the Chicago blues . Waters was considered one of the most successful blues musicians and also played outside of the USA. In 1958 he toured England with Otis Spann and the Chris Barber Band.
In 1960 Muddy Waters appeared as part of the folk revival at the Newport Jazz Festival . For many white fans it was the first chance to experience a blues band live. Muddy himself played a little slide guitar at the concert , but concentrated above all on his increasingly expressive singing. The band then consisted of James Cotton , Otis Spann , Pat Hare , Andrew Stephenson and Francis Clay . The live recording of the concert was released as an album and enabled Waters to present itself to a new audience, especially in Europe.
Further career: Direction search
From a commercial and artistic point of view, the following years marked a low point in Waters' career. Due to the general dwindling interest in blues music in the US, Chess Records tried to find new strategies to better market Waters. Experiments with modern brass-oriented arrangements, organ accompaniment and background singers were just as unsuccessful as the attempt to record a twist song.
In 1963, the record company ventured another experiment: This time she presented Muddy Waters as country blues - Musicians in a purely acoustic environment. No more electrically amplified instruments, only acoustic guitars , double bass and a small drum set formed the backbone for Muddy's intense singing. Musically, this experiment proved successful and the resulting album Folk Singer introduced the term unplugged long before MTV Unplugged made it famous.
In October 1963 Muddy Waters toured Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival . Excerpts from this tour were later shown in the television program Jazz - heard and seen , produced by Joachim Ernst Berendt . Another European tour followed in 1964. In contrast to the USA, where the interest of the young Afro-American population in the blues waned more and more, in Europe the youth began to get enthusiastic about the blues. Many young musicians adored Muddy Waters as a role model and played his songs, for example the Rolling Stones , who covered several Muddy Waters pieces on their first albums.
Muddy Waters' audience had changed completely. His new (white) fans loved and demanded the sound of the Muddy Waters band of the 1950s, which was dismissed as "old hat" by most African Americans in the 1960s. Chess Records - previously only focused on producing blues for an Afro-American audience - responded to this trend with new marketing strategies. In 1966 the Brass And The Blues album was released, which was intended to appeal to a “mature” jazz audience. The album consisted of blues standards reinterpreted by Muddy Waters. An added brass section should enhance the product musically. However, the album was largely ignored by fans. In 1967 the Super Blues album was released with Muddy Waters, Bo Diddley and Little Walter . This album was conceived as a jam session and was intended to appeal to a hippie audience. Although the result sounded a bit chaotic, the album was successful enough to be followed by the Super Super Blues project a few months later . The concept was identical; Little Walter was replaced by Howlin 'Wolf . In 1968 and 1969, respectively, the psychedelic rock- influenced concept albums Electric Mud and After The Rain followed , which were controversial.
The September 1969 release of Fathers and Sons marked Muddy's return to a more traditional musical concept in the studio as well. For this album Muddy Waters (as "father") was brought together with young American musicians - Mike Bloomfield , Paul Butterfield and Donald "Duck" Dunn . With the support of Otis Spann on piano and Sam Lay on drums, new editions of some of his classics were created that are worth listening to. The second LP of the double album was a recording of a concert that had taken place after the studio sessions. In October 1969, Waters was seriously injured in a car accident and had to rely on crutches for months. At the end of 1970, however, he was able to go on a European tour again.
As Muddy Waters continued to cement his reputation as a stirring live artist, his record company released the album Live At Mr. Kelly’s in 1971 . Muddy performed it live in a Chicago blues club. The band at the time included Paul Oscher , Pinetop Perkins , Pee Wee Madison , Sammy Lawhorn , Calvin "Fuzz" Jones and Willie "Big Eyes" Smith . Although Muddy Waters was on tour almost constantly in the 1970s, he devoted himself to other studio projects. In 1972 the album London Sessions was released , which he recorded with British musicians ( Rory Gallagher , Steve Winwood , Georgie Fame and Mitch Mitchell ). A subsequent European tour also led to the Montreux Jazz Festival . The appearance there was partially published on the LP Blues Avalanche - Montreux 1972 . In between, the 1972 album Can't Get No Grindin was released in Chicago . 1973 tours followed through Australia and New Zealand. In January 1974 another studio album was recorded in Chicago - Unk In Funk . In the same year he was touring Europe again and performed at the jazz festivals in Antibes and Montreux. He recorded his last album for Chess Records in 1975 with members of The Band . 1976 brought another major European tour with stops in Germany, Poland, Sweden, Italy and Switzerland. In the same year Waters signed a contract with Blue Sky Records , a label owned by Johnny Winter's manager Steve Paul.
In January 1977, the first Johnny Winter produced album Hard Again was released for Blue Sky. The album was recorded in a relaxed atmosphere in Dan Hartman's studio in October 1976 and was a great success. I'm Ready , Waters second album for Blue Sky , was released in 1978. Similar in atmosphere to the previous album, Jimmy Rogers and Big Walter Horton , who had already played in his band in the 1940s and 1950s , could be won over as guest musicians for these recording sessions . The third Blue Sky album, Muddy "Mississippi" Waters Live, was a live album and consisted of tracks that had already been recorded in 1977 during a promotion tour for the Hard Again album. These recordings were supplemented by live recordings from 1978. The recording sessions for Muddy's last album King Bee in May 1980 were not a good star. There was tension between Muddy, his band and his manager Scott Cameron over a business dispute. After a subsequent two-week tour of Japan, the band ( Luther "Guitar Jr." Johnson , Bob Margolin , Jerry Portnoy , Calvin "Fuzz" Jones, Pinetop Perkins , Willie "Big Eyes" Smith ) finally separated from Muddy. However, all musicians maintained their personal friendship with Muddy until his death in 1983.
The last few years
Muddy toured Europe for the last time in 1980 with a new band consisting of Lovie Lee , George "Mojo" Buford , John Primer , Rick Kreher , Earnest Johnson and Ray Allison . Due to his deteriorating health, more and more concerts had to be canceled. In 1981 he played with the Rolling Stones in the Checkerboard Lounge in Chicago. A video recording of the concert first appeared on a bootleg LP and represents Muddy Waters' last known audio document. This recording was later officially released on DVD or CD / DVD.
On April 29, 1983, the London Marquee Club celebrated its 25th anniversary with artists such as Alexis Korner , Charlie Watts and Bill Wyman from the Rolling Stones . They played Muddy Waters' music that evening without realizing that this was already an obituary for him. The next day, Muddy Waters' death was announced. His final resting place is in Restvale Cemetery in Alsip , Illinois .
Band members / participants in recordings
Muddy Waters most significant contribution to the development of the blues is the consistent use of the electric guitar. For example - while some musicians had before him T-Bone Walker - used this instrument, which until now common use of the electric guitar with out a few chords constructed riffs but goes back to Muddy Waters and is one of the basic features of the following blues and Become rock music. With his interpretations and his own compositions he made a decisive contribution to the popularization of the blues.
The name of the band Rolling Stones , created by Brian Jones in 1962, also goes back to Muddy Waters. On the one hand there is a song by Muddy Waters called Rollin 'Stone , and in Willie Dixon's piece Mannish Boy , which is interpreted by Muddy Waters, there is the line of text: “ I'm a rollin' stone - I'm a man . “Waters text with the symbol of the rolling stone, which comes from the English proverb A rolling stone gathers no moss , was also the namesake for the music magazine Rolling Stone .
Muddy Waters was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1980. In 1987 he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame , which was founded the previous year . The Complete Plantation Recordings album was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 2001.
The Rolling Stone listed Muddy Waters in 17th place of the 100 greatest musicians, 49th of the 100 best guitarists and 53rd of the 100 best singers of all time .
The following discography lists all singles that have been released on the Aristocrat / Chess label.
|title||Plate number||Year of
|Positioned on the
US R&B charts
|A side||B side|
|Gypsy woman||Little Anna Mae||Aristocrat 1302||03/1948||-|
|I feel like going home||I Can't Be Satisfied||Aristocrat 1305||06/1948||11 (2 weeks)|
|Train Fare Home||Sittin 'here and drinkin'||Aristocrat 1306||10/1948||-|
|You're Gonna 'Miss Me (When I'm Dead and Gone)||Mean Red Spider||Aristocrat 1307||02/1949||-|
|Streamlined Woman||Muddy Jumps One||Aristocrat 1310||06/1949||-|
|Little Geneva||Canary Bird||Aristocrat 1311||11/1949||-|
|Screaming and crying||Where's My Woman Been||Aristocrat 406||02/1950||-|
|Rollin 'and Tumblin' (Part 1)||Rollin 'and Tumblin' (Part 2)||Aristocrat 412||04/1950||-|
|Rollin 'Stone||Walkin 'blues||Chess 1426||06/1950||-|
|Your [sic] gonna need my help||Sad letter blues||Chess 1434||09/1950||-|
|Louisiana Blues||Evan's Shuffle||Chess 1441||11/1950||10 (1 week)|
|Long distance call||Too Young to Know||Chess 1452||03/1951||8 (1 week)|
|Honey bee||Appealing blues||Chess 1468||07/1951||10 (1 week)|
|Still a fool||My fault||Chess 1480||10/1951||9 (3 weeks)|
|She moves me||Early morning blues||Chess 1490||12/1951||10 (1 week)|
|All night long||Country boy||Chess 1509||04/1952||-|
|Please have Mercy||Looking for My Baby (= I Can't Be Satisfied)||Chess 1514||06/1952||-|
|Standing Around Crying||Gone to Main Street||Chess 1526||11/1952||-|
|She's all right||Sad Sad Day||Chess 1537||04/1953||-|
|Turn the lamp down low||Who's gonna be your sweet man||Chess 1542||05/1953||-|
|Mad Love (I Want You to Love Me)||Blow, wind, blow||Chess 1550||10/1953||6 (2 weeks)|
|I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man||She's so pretty||Chess 1560||02/1954||3 (13 weeks)|
|Just make love to me||Oh! Yeh||Chess 1571||05/1954||4 (13 weeks)|
|I'm ready||I don't know why||Chess 1579||09/1954||4 (9 weeks)|
|I'm a natural born lover||Loving man||Chess 1585||12/1954||-|
|I want to be loved||My Eyes (Keep Me in Trouble)||Chess 1596||04/1955||-|
|Manish boy||Young Fashion Ways||Chess 1602||06/1955||-|
|Sugar Sweet||Chess 1612||11/1955||11 (2 weeks)|
|Trouble No More||7 (6 weeks)|
|Forty Days & Forty Nights||All Aboard||Chess 1620||04/1956||7 (6 weeks)|
|Don't Go No Farther||Diamonds at Your Feet||Chess 1630||07/1956||9 (2 weeks)|
|I got to find my baby||Just to be with you||Chess 1644||11/1956||-|
|rock Me||Got My Mojo Working||Chess 1652||03/1957||-|
|Good news||Come Home Baby (I Wish You Would)||Chess 1667||08/1957||-|
|I Live the Life I Love (I Love the Life I Live)||Evil||Chess 1680||02/1958||-|
|She's got it||I won't go on||Chess 1692||05/1958||-|
|Close to you||She's Nineteen Years Old||Chess 1704||09/1958||-|
|Mean Mistreater||Walking thru the park||Chess 1718||02/1959||-|
|Clouds in My Heart||Ooh Wee||Chess 1724||04/1959||-|
|Take the bitter with the sweet||She's into Somethin '||Chess 1733||07/1959||-|
|Recipe for love||Tell me baby||Chess 1739||10/1959||-|
|I feel so good||When I Get to Thinking||Chess 1748||01/1960||-|
|Read Way Back||I'm your doctor||Chess 1752||04/1960||-|
|Look What You've Done||Love affair||Chess 1758||07/1960||-|
|Tiger in your tank||Meanest Woman||Chess 1765||09/1960||-|
|Got My Mojo Working (live)||Woman Wanted||Chess 1774||12/1960||-|
|Lonesome Room Blues||Messin 'with the man||Chess 1796||07/1961||-|
|Tough Times||Going home||Chess 1819||03/1962||-|
|Muddy Waters Twist||You Shook Me||Chess 1827||06/1962||-|
|You need love||Little Brown Bird||Chess 1839||11/1962||-|
|Five Long Years||Twenty-Four Hours||Chess 1862||07/1963||-|
|The same thing||You Can't Lose What You Ain't Never Had||Chess 1895||04/1964||-|
|Short Dress Woman||My John the Conquer Root||Chess 1914||11/1964||-|
|Put Me in Your Lay Away||Still a fool||Chess 1921||01/1965||-|
|My Dog Can't Bark||I got a rich man's woman||Chess 1937||07/1965||-|
|Corina, Corina||Hoochie Coochie Man||Chess 1973||09/1966||-|
|Birdnest on the Ground||When the Eagle Flies||Chess 2018||09/1967||-|
|Going home||I feel so good||Chess 2085||1970||-|
|Making Friends||Two steps forward||Chess 2107||02/1971||-|
|Can't Get No Grindin '(What's the Matter with the Meal)||Garbage man||Chess 2143||09/1973||-|
The following discography contains a chronological listing of the most important official LP releases. Only the original US editions of the albums are listed. Any new editions were not taken into account.
|The best of||Chess LP 1427||1957||-||12 tracks, recorded 1948–1954|
|Collaboration||Tomato LP||1958||-||10 tracks, with Otis Spann|
|Sings Big Bill||Chess LP 1444||1960||-||10 tracks recorded in 1959 - in memory of Big Bill Broonzy|
|At Newport 1960||Chess LP 1449||1960||-||9 tracks, live recording Newport Jazz Festival
Place 348 of the Rolling Stone 500 (2003)
|Folk singer||Chess LP 1483||1964||-||9 tracks, recorded in 1963 with Buddy Guy on second guitar
number 282 of the Rolling Stone 500 (2003)
|The Real Folk Blues||Chess LP 1501||1965||-||12 tracks, recorded 1947–1964|
|Brass and the Blues||Chess LP 1507||1966||-||10 tracks|
|More Real Folk Blues||Chess LP 1511||1966||-||12 tracks, recorded 1948–1953|
|Great blues||Checker LP 3008||1967||-||8 tracks, jam session with Little Walter , Bo Diddley|
|The Super Super Blues Band||Checker LP 3010||1967||-||7 tracks, jam session with Bo Diddley , Howlin 'Wolf|
|Electric Mud||Cadet Concept LP 314||1968||127 (8 weeks)||8 tracks|
|After the rain||Cadet Concept LP 320||1969||-||8 tracks|
|Fathers and Sons||Chess 2-127||1969||70 (10 weeks)||16 tracks (2-LP set), studio + live recordings|
|They Call Me Muddy Waters||Chess LP 1553||1970||-||12 tracks, recorded 1951-1967
|McKinley Morganfield AKA Muddy Waters||GRT / Chess 2CH-60006||1971||-||24 tracks (2-LP set), recorded 1948–1964|
|Live at Mr. Kelly's||GRT / Chess CH-50012||1972||-||10 tracks, recorded live from Chicago|
|The London Muddy Waters Sessions||GRT / Chess CH-60013||1972||-||10 Grammy tracks
|Can't Get No Grindin '||GRT / Chess CH-50023||1972||-||10 tracks|
|“Unk” in funk||GRT / Chess CH-60031||1974||-||9 tracks|
|The Muddy Waters Woodstock Album||GRT / Chess CH-60035||1975||-||8 Grammy tracks
|Hard again||Blue sky 34449||1977||143 (7 weeks)||9 tracks, recorded 1976
|I'm ready||Blue sky 34928||1978||157 (6 weeks)||9 tracks, recorded in 1977
|Muddy "Mississippi" Waters Live||Blue sky 35712||1979||-||7 tracks, live recordings from 1977 and 1978
|King Bee||Blue sky 37064||1981||192 (2 weeks)||10 tracks, recorded in 1980|
|Rolling Stone||Sugar Hill / Chess CH-8202||1982||-||14 tracks, recorded 1950–1960|
|Rare and Unissued||MCA / Chess CH-9180||1984||-||14 tracks, recorded 1947–1960|
|Trouble No More||MCA / Chess CH-9291||1989||-||12 tracks, recorded 1955–1959|
|The Chess Box||MCA / Chess CH6-80002||1989||-||72 tracks (6-LP box), recorded 1947–1972|
In 1984 the complete Chess catalog was bought by MCA Records . As a result, most of the Chess / Checker / Cadet albums were officially re-released on CD in the following years, some with bonus tracks. In addition, many of these recordings were released by unauthenticated labels such as Charly Records. In recent years there has been a flood of re-releases of older material on labels that have specialized in re-publishing copyright-free material (i.e. older than 50 years). However, the quality of these reissues is partly questionable. A high-quality complete edition of the Aristocrat and Chess titles was started in 2000 by MCA Records and continued in 2004 by Hip-O Select (the collector's label of the Universal Music Group ):
- Rollin 'Stone - The Golden Anniversary Collection, 1947–1952 (MCA 088 112 301-2)
- Hoochie Coochie Man - The Complete Chess Masters Volume 2, 1952-1958 (Hip-O Select B0002758-02)
The Blue Sky albums were reissued several times by SonyBMG , most recently in 2004 as extended editions with bonus tracks and new liner notes by Bob Margolin .
In addition to the albums listed above, numerous official and unofficial live albums of varying quality have been released over the years. Here is a selection:
- In Concert 1958 (Krazy Kat KK 7405) - “Free Trade Hall”, Manchester, 1958
- All Night Long - Live! (Varese Sarabande 302 066 662) - Europe 1964; Montreux 1972; Nice 1977
- Live in Paris (Esoldun FC 121) - “Salle Pleyel”, Paris, 1968
- Goin 'Home (Fan Club CD 99) - Paris, 1970
- Lost Tapes (Topcat BFTC 02982) - Washington & Oregon, 1971
- Paris, 1972 (Pablo PACD 5302-2) - Paris, 1972
- No Minstrels (Blue Knight BKR 023) - “Music Hall”, Boston, 1974
- Live in Antibes (Esoldun FC 116) - Antibes 1974
- Live in Switzerland 1976 (Jazz Helvetica CD 02) - Monthey 1976
- The Warsaw Session, Vol. 1 (Poljazz LP 0634) - Warsaw 1976
- The Warsaw Session, Vol. 2 (Poljazz LP 0635) - Warsaw 1976
- Live 1976 (Corinne LP 100) - “Westfalenhalle”, Dortmund 1976
- Hoochie Coochie Man (Just A Memory CD JAM 9142-2) - “Rising Sun Club”, Montreal, 1977
- Breakin 'It Up, Breakin' It Down (Epic / Legacy 88697 07283-2) - “Palladium”, New York, 1977; “Tower Theater”, Upper Darby, 1977; “Masonic Temple Theater”, Detroit, 1977
- Chicago 1979 (Charly CBL 751) - “Harry Hope's Club”, Cary, 1979
- Sweet Home Chicago ( The Swingin 'Pig CD TSP 115-2) - “Checkerboard Lounge”, Chicago, 1981
- The Anthology (2001, 38th place in the Rolling Stone 500 (2003))
- 2000: Muddy Waters - Got My Mojo Working: Rare Performances 1968-1978
- 2002: Muddy Waters - Can't Be Satisfied
- 2003: American Folk Blues Festival 1962-1966 - Volume One
- 2004: Messin 'with the Blues - “Montreux Jazz Festival”, recorded 1974 in Switzerland with Buddy Guy and Junior Wells
- 2004: Muddy Waters - Folk Singer
- 2005: In Concert 1971 - “West Coast” tour, recorded in 1971
- 2005: Classic Concerts - “New Port Jazz Festival” (1960) and “Copenhagen Jazz Festival” (1968)
- 2006: Live 1971 - “University of Oregon”, recorded October 19, 1971 together with George “Harmonica” Smith
- 2006: Live - “University of Oregon”, recorded October 19, 1971 with other artists
- 2007: Live on Tour
- 2008: Live in Montreal - “Montreal Jazz Festival”, recorded in 1980 with the band and Koko Taylor and James Cotton
- 2009: Live at Chicagofest - “Chicago Blues Fest”, recorded in 1981 with Johnny Winter , Big Twist and Mighty Joe Young .
- 1971 - Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording - They Call Me Muddy Waters
- 1972 - Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording - The London Muddy Waters Session
- 1975 - Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording - The Muddy Waters Woodstock Album
- 1977 - Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording - Hard Again
- 1978 - Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording - I'm Ready
- 1979 - Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording - Muddy “Mississippi” Waters Live
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame listed four songs by Muddy Waters in its list of 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll.
- 1950 - Rollin 'Stone
- 1954 - Hoochie Coochie Man
- 1955 - Mannish Boy
- 1957 - Got My Mojo Working
Blues Music Awards
- 1994 - Reissue Album of the Year - The Complete Plantation Recordings
- 1995 - Reissue Album of the Year - One More Mile
- 2000 - Traditional Blues Album of the Year - The Lost Tapes of Muddy Waters
- 2002 - Historical Blues Album of the Year - Fathers and Sons
- 2006 - Historical Album of the Year - Hoochie Coochie Man: Complete Chess Recordings, Volume 2, 1952-1958
Inclusion in the
- 1980: Blues Foundation Hall of Fame
- 1987: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
- In 1992 Muddy Waters received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and in 1994 the US Post issued a 29-cent stamp with the image Muddy Waters' on it.
- 2012: A Mercury crater is named after him: Mercury Crater Waters .
- ↑ Muddy Waters. In: Rolling Stone Magazine
- ↑ Due to his role as house bass player at Chess Records, he was never able to go on tour with Muddy's band due to lack of time.
- ↑ The remake of Mannish Boy included on the album was used in a 1988 commercial for the jeans brand Levi's and gave Muddy Waters a posthumous hit in the UK.
- ↑ The grave of Muddy Waters. In: knerger.de. Retrieved July 20, 2020 .
- ↑ Manfred Horak: Dylan, Bob: Every generation gets the music it deserves. 2005, accessed June 3, 2009 .
- ↑ Muddy Waters in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
- ↑ 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Rolling Stone , December 2, 2010, accessed August 8, 2017 .
- ↑ 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time. Rolling Stone , December 18, 2015, accessed August 8, 2017 .
- ↑ 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. Rolling Stone , December 2, 2010, accessed August 8, 2017 .
- ^ Hot R&B Singles 1942-2010 by Joel Whitburn , 6th Edition, Record Research 2010, ISBN 978-0-89820-186-4
- ^ The Billboard Albums by Joel Whitburn , 6th Edition, Record Research 2006, ISBN 0-89820-166-7
- ↑ a b c 500 Greatest Albums - Rolling Stone at Discogs, accessed on March 8, 2020
- ^ Grammy , accessed November 19, 2010.
- ↑ muddywaters.com , accessed on 19 November of 2010.
- ↑ The Mercury Crater Waters in the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature of the IAU (WGPSN) / USGS (English)
- Robert Gordon: Can't Be Satisfied: the Life and Times of Muddy Waters. Back Bay Books, 2003, ISBN 0-316-16494-1 ; New edition: Canongate Books, Edinburgh 2013, ISBN 978-0-85786-869-5 .
- Bob Margolin: Blues Sky From The Inside. In: Blues Power Magazin , 5, 1992, p. 29ff.
- Jim O'Neal: Muddy Waters. In: Living Blues. 64, 1985, pp. 15-40.
- James Rooney: Bossmen: Bill Monroe and Muddy Waters. Da Capo Press, 1971, ISBN 0-306-80427-1 .
- Mike Rowe: Chicago Blues: the City & the Music. Da Capo Press, 1988, ISBN 0-306-80145-0 .
- Sandra Tooze: The Mojo Man. ECW Press, 1997, ISBN 1-55022-296-1 .
- Les Fancourt: Chess Blues - A Discography Of The Blues Artists On The Chess Labels 1947–1975. Self-published, 1989.
- Les Fancourt, Bob McGrath: The Blues Discography 1943-1970. Eyeball Productions, 2006, ISBN 0-9686445-7-0 .
- George R. White: The Aristocrat Of Records. In: Blues & Rhythm. 124, 1997, pp. 4-8.
- Phil Wight, Fred Rothwell: The Complete Muddy Waters Discography. In: Blues & Rhythm. 200, 2005, pp. 36-53.
- Muddy Waters Official (English)
- Works by and about Muddy Waters in the catalog of the German National Library
- Muddy Waters at laut.de
- Muddy Waters at Allmusic (English)
- Muddy Waters at Discogs (English)
- Discography at 45cat
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Morganfield, McKinley (real name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American blues musician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 4, 1913|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rolling Fork , Mississippi , United States|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 30, 1983|
|Place of death||Westmont , Illinois , United States|