The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is the most important and well-known cultural center of the city of New York City . It is located on an area of approx. 61,000 m² in the west of Manhattan between Amsterdam Avenue and Columbus Avenue as well as 62nd Street and 66th Street. To the north it borders Lincoln Square . This is the area where the San Juan Hill neighborhood was once located .
Lincoln Center was planned in the late 1950s under the direction of city planner Robert Moses as part of the measures to revitalize what is known as the Upper West Side . The master plan comes from the architect Wallace Harrison (1895–1981), who also designed the Metropolitan Opera building. All buildings were designed in the modern style; At the laying of the foundation stone on May 14, 1959, the US-American President Dwight D. Eisenhower saw in the project a future “ mighty influence for peace and understanding throughout the world ”.
In 2004 the Lincoln Center was expanded; Since 2006, further renovation and construction measures have been initiated, such as a conversion of the Alice-Tully-Hall and the construction of a new restaurant by the Diller Scofidio + Renfro office . The renovation was completed in 2009.
Lincoln Center is operated by a not-for-profit private corporation ("Inc.") that is funded primarily through sponsorship money. Regardless of this, the operating result in the 2015/16 season was positive.
Lincoln Center is home to 11 cultural organizations:
- The Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts itself.
- The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center , which makes outstanding contributions to the performance of chamber music and awards the Stoeger Prize to composers every two years .
- The Film Society of Lincoln Center , a film museum that hosts film festivals and shows, among other things.
- Jazz at Lincoln Center , whose artistic director is the American jazz musician Wynton Marsalis and whose venue is the Rose Theater .
- The Juilliard School , which has been based in a building by Pietro Belluschi (1899–1994) since 1969 .
- The Lincoln Center Theater with its venue Vivian Beaumont Theater . The building by architect Eero Saarinen holds 1,080 spectators and was opened in 1965.
- The Metropolitan Opera , which has around 3,900 seats in a building from 1966.
- The New York City Ballet , located at the David H. Koch Theater (formerly New York State Theater ). The building of Philip Johnson in 1964 has 2,586 fixed seats. The New York City Opera also played in this theater until 2011.
- The New York Philharmonic ( New York Philharmonic ) with its venue, the David Geffen Hall , from 1962 based on a design by Max Abramovitz . It has 2,738 seats. It was given its current name after donor David Geffen in 2015. From 1973 to 2015 the concert hall was known as Avery Fisher Hall . Between 1962 and 1973 the venue was called the “Philharmonic Hall”.
- The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
- The School of American Ballet , the New York City Ballet's ballet school
Alice Tully Hall
The organ in Alice Tully Hall was built in 1974 by the organ builder Theodor Kuhn (Switzerland). After the redesign of the Alice Tully Hall, the instrument, which had meanwhile been removed and stored, was rebuilt and re-voiced by the builder company. The disposition was extended by two electronic pedal registers. The slider chest instrument has 64 registers on four manual works and a pedal. The game actions are mechanical, the stop actions are electric.
- (N) = subsequently added electronic register (2010)
- Entry on Lincoln Center for The Performing Arts in the NY Times information database
- Alice Tully Hall
- Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Inc. (Ed.): "Lincoln Center 2015/16" p. 60. New York, NY 2016
- The 12 Cultural Institutions of Lincoln Center
- The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center - Website (English)
- The Film Society of Lincoln Center - Website (English)
- Jazz at Lincoln Center - Website (English)
- Juilliard School - Website (English)
- Lincoln Center Theater - Website (English)
- Metropolitan Opera - Website (English)
- New York City Ballet - Website (English)
- New York City Opera - Website (English)
- New York Philharmonic - Website (English)
- The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts - Website (English)
- The School of American Ballet - Website (English)
- Information about the organ on the website of the organ builder