Before the European settlers arrived, this area was the tribal land of the Panninher Aborigines in the northern midland of Tasmania. The first settlers from Norfolk Island reached this area in 1807. The city was founded in 1813 when Governor Lachlan Macquarie guaranteed land rights for the settlers. The place was renamed Longford after an Irish town in 1833, the area of the current town was originally called Norfolk Plains . Today this place is often visited by tourists who mainly visit the historical buildings.