Lucius Neratius Priscus (suffect consul 97)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lucius Neratius Priscus († after 133 AD) was a Roman lawyer and politician.

Origin, family and career

Lucius Neratius Priscus came from Saepinum and belonged to a senatorial family that gained political influence in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD and was elevated to the patrician status by Emperor Vespasian . His brother was Lucius Neratius Marcellus , who was a suffect consul in AD 95 and an ordinary consul in 129. His father was perhaps Marcus Hirrius Fronto Neratius Pansa, a suffect consul around the year 74.

Neratius was a very important classical jurist under Emperor Trajan . Already under the Flavian dynasty he was politically active, became a senator and rose to praetor in AD 88–90 and to consul consul in 97 AD . He served as governor of Germania inferior from 98-100, then from 103-106 as governor of the Roman province of Pannonia . He was, like his brother, a friend of Trajan and was among the Consilium to well then that Hadrian .

Neratius as a lawyer

Lucius Neratius Priscus was together with Iuventius Celsus head of the law school of the Proculians . Casuistry dominates his works . Even if not all works have survived, its influence on the development of Roman law was so significant that it is still clearly visible as a legal source in the digests of the Codex Justinianus with 63 fragments. The seven libri membranarum ( loose leaves ) of his works, which, like his Epistulae ( letters ) , which consist of at least four volumes, are only indirectly tangible through citations from other authors, contain numerous case studies, with numerous, even subtle cases as well as bold constructions , according to the doctrine of ius finitum (entered into Digest XXII, 6,2). Aulus Gellius reports exclusively on a book dealing with marriage law that has not survived ( liber singularis de nuptiis ) . He also wrote the 15 libri regularum ( legal rules ), of which only seven fragments have survived. His casuistic working method can also be seen in the 3 libri responsorum ( expert opinions ).


Individual evidence

  1. CIL 6,527
  2. CIL 12, 1675
  3. Tomasz Giaro: Neratius [5]. In: The New Pauly (DNP). Volume 8, Metzler, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-476-01478-9 , Sp. 845.
  4. Christoph F. Wetzler: Rule of Law and Absolutism: Considerations on the Constitution of the Late Antique Empire based on CJ 1.14.8 , (= Freiburg legal-historical treatises ). At the same time: University, dissertation, Freiburg (Breisgau), 1995/96. Duncker and Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-08968-5 , pp. 168 ff. (169).
  5. ^ Digest I 2, 2, 53
  6. Herbert Hausmaninger , Walter Selb : Römisches Privatrecht , Böhlau, Vienna 1981 (9th edition 2001) (Böhlau-Studien-Bücher) ISBN 3-205-07171-9 , p. 44.
  7. ^ Gellius, Noctes Atticae 4, 4.