Airborne reconnaissance aircraft (Bundeswehr)
Badge of activity of the paratroopers of the Bundeswehr
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Airborne reconnaissance aircraft are the airborne reconnaissance forces of the paratroopers of the German army who are trained in military freefall parachute jump and belong to the army reconnaissance group .
The members of the companies have been wearing the burgundy red beret of the paratroopers since they were placed under the former Airborne Brigades 26 and 31. Forerunners of the airborne reconnaissance companies were the airborne brigade reconnaissance units subordinated to the airborne brigades and, in peacetime, a tank reconnaissance battalion, as well as the independent televised reconnaissance companies subordinate to the corps .
The need for airborne reconnaissance elements for the airborne brigades had existed for a long time. In a first step in 1993 the two airborne brigades 26 and 31 of the 1st Airborne Division that remained in the army were subordinated to so-called airborne brigade reconnaissance units. The first airborne reconnaissance company, the LL AufklKp 310, in Lüneburg (Lower Saxony) emerged in 2000 from the LLBrigSpZg 31 . She was the one from Command Air Movable Forces / 4. Division Subordinated to the Special Operations Division.
It quickly became apparent that this was not a solution, as the brigades needed their own forces and one company would not be enough. For this reason, a few years after the commissioning of the LL AufklKp 310, subordinate to the Panzer Reconnaissance Battalion 3 stationed in Lüneburg, the LL AufklKp 260 in Freyung , subordinate to the Mountain Tank Reconnaissance Battalion 8 stationed in Freyung.
The LLAufklKp 310 has been located in Seedorf (Lower Saxony) since January 2007, the LLAufklKp 260 initially in Zweibrücken (Rhineland-Palatinate) and since 2015 Lebach (Saarland). Both have been subordinate to Airborne Brigade 1 since April 2015 .
The airborne reconnaissance planes should provide a picture of the situation of the battlefield by spying and observing from hiding places or covered positions while avoiding combat operations. Rooms, open flanks and connecting lines should be monitored by patrols and standing observation posts.
Classic spying is supported by technical equipment such as radar systems, drones and ground sensor equipment.
The scouts of the airborne patrols can be set down by automatic parachute jump, as well as partially in free fall and by landing in the air with a helicopter. The orders are carried out on foot, but rarely also by motorized vehicles.
An airborne reconnaissance company is structured as follows:
- Company command group
- Telecommunications group
- Medical group
- Supply group
- Technical group
- two airborne reconnaissance platoons
- three airborne patrols
- two remote scout trains
- three remote scouting troops of the Army
- technical reconnaissance train
- Platoon troop
- three radar squads
- three soil sorts
- Drone reconnaissance platoon
- Field message train
Recruitment and training
For the most part, only temporary soldiers are planned in both companies due to the long and intensive training .
In addition to the usual handguns of the Bundeswehr, the weasel is the core of mechanized airborne reconnaissance. As a scout vehicle, the Wiesel 1 offers space for three soldiers. A version of the Wiesel 2 with a battlefield radar system is currently being tested. Due to its small size, the weapon carrier can be transported in a medium-sized transport helicopter CH-53 of the Army Aviation. The field equipment corresponds to that of the former televsion troops. ( see there )
- Army command
- Fast forces division
- Army Reconnaissance Force
- LLBrig 26: Seedorfer Fallschirmjäger from April 2015 on a new assignment. www.deutschesheer.de, April 1, 2015, accessed April 1, 2015 .