The lug sail is a type of sail that can be seen as a further development of the Latin sail (and also the Settee sail ) and a simplified gaff sail . The spar , which is significantly shortened at the bottom compared to the Latin rigging and only protrudes slightly above the mast, is characteristic. This allows it to be taken (shifted) around the mast when turning without hauling in the sail . Compared to the gaff sail, there is no need to steal the gaff , and the canvas overhang on the mast creates additional sail area .
A distinction is made between fixed and loose lug sails. The loose lug sail has a longitudinally axial rest position, a loose sail neck, it is sailed with a loose luff with a bow line or a stretch rod. Representatives are beach boats from Usedom and dinghies from Wismar Bay in the 19th and 20th centuries. The fixed lug sail also has a longitudinally axial rest position, a fixed sail neck, a loose luff and a bilateral asymmetrical bulge at the sail head through the yard. Dangers of Zeesen Tucker and Quatzenkähnen on the Oderhaff.
In English usage, one differentiates between three types of lug sails: in addition to the "balanced lug", i.e. the fixed lug sail with boom, the loose lug sail is divided into the "dipping lug", in which the spar is manually moved to the leeward side when turning , and the "standing lug" where she always stays on one side. For example, the Scottish Fifies introduced a "dipping lug" on the front (main) and a "standing lug" on the rear mast (mizzen).
This rigging was very common in northern France. The ships called luggers or loggers were considered to be very fast on wind. However, turning was more laborious than with the gaff rigged cutters developed at the same time . The ship was heavily braked by a less experienced crew during this maneuver.
Nowadays, the Lugger rigging has only survived on some traditional ships and small sailing boats . So drive the Zeesenboot of the Pomeranian lagoon waters z. B. on the mizzen mast and on the main mast top lug sails. Lugger sails can also be found on Sinagots in the French Gulf of Morbihan .
- Wolfgang Rudolph: Sailing boats on the German Baltic coast. Academy publishing house 1969