|Place in Munich|
Münchner Freiheit, looking north
|Hist. Names||Feilitzschplatz (until 1933), Danziger Freiheit (1933–1946), Münch e ner Freiheit (1946–1998)|
|Confluent streets||Leopoldstrasse , Ungererstrasse, Marschallstrasse, Hesseloherstrasse, Haimhauserstrasse, Feilitzschstrasse , Herzogstrasse , Clemensstrasse , Erwin-Planck-Weg,|
|User groups||Pedestrian traffic , bicycle traffic , individual traffic , public transport|
|Space design||Monument to Helmut Fischer|
With a four-track train station of the Munich subway (division of U3 and U6) and a bus station, the square is a public transport hub in northern Munich . On December 12, 2009, tram line 23 between Münchner Freiheit and Schwabing Nord was opened. The Münchner Freiheit tram stop is roofed over by a green and white steel structure weighing around 400 tonnes on 18 pillars.
The Münchner Freiheit cinemas have been located at the beginning of Feilitzschstrasse since 1995 , but they will close in the course of 2019. During the Advent season, the Schwabinger Christmas Market Association organizes an arts and crafts market on Münchner Freiheit. A weekly market takes place every Thursday .
There is a 24-hour kiosk on the square.
The square was formerly called Feilitzschplatz (after Maximilian von Feilitzsch ), from 1933 also Danziger Freiheit . In 1946 it was named Münchener Freiheit in memory of the Freedom Action Bavaria resistance group , which in April 1945 called for surrender to the American troops and for an armed uprising against the remaining Nazi units. To commemorate this, a 4 m × 0.4 m bronze plaque with an inscription was placed on the eastern border of the forum in 1981 by Franz Hart . A previously existing memorial plaque attached to the street sign was lost when the subway was built in 1971.
The designation as Danziger Freiheit was based on a call by the traffic control center in Danzig , which had been ruled by the National Socialists since 1933 , to name a busy place in large German cities called Danziger Freiheit , in order to express the demand for a change in the status of the Free City of Danzig . In doing so, she referred to a speech by Joseph Goebbels , which he had given on May 17, 1933 to representatives of German tourism . There were places with this name in many German cities, most of which were renamed after the war.
In 1877 Ludwig Petuel sen. on the square the "Schwabinger Brewery".
- Rupprecht Gerngross : Rebellion of the Bavarian Freedom Campaign in 1945. "Pheasant hunt" and how the Munich freedom got its name. Memories. Heidrich-Verlag, Augsburg 1995, ISBN 3-930455-92-7 .
- Harry Luck: The "Munich Freedom" loses an "e"
- Bernhard Blöchl: The Münchner Freiheit cinemas have to close. In: sueddeutsche.de. Süddeutsche Zeitung Digitale Medien GmbH, July 5, 2019, accessed on July 14, 2019 .
- Cathrin Schmiegel: At night in the green cube. In: sueddeutsche.de . November 15, 2014, accessed October 13, 2018 .
- Laura Kaufmann: Mourning for the owner of the 24-hour kiosk at Münchner Freiheit. In: sueddeutsche.de . April 28, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2018 .
- Helga Pfoertner: Living with history. Vol. 1, Literareron, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-89675-859-4 , pp. 124–126 ( PDF; 1.1 MB ( Memento from April 28, 2014 in the Internet Archive ))
- Regina Bluhme, Freising: steadily uphill. In: sueddeutsche.de . October 30, 2015, accessed October 13, 2018 .