Münzesheim (noble family)
The barons of Münzesheim were an illegitimate sideline of the House of Baden . Margrave Friedrich VI. von Baden-Durlach had, after the death of his wife, Christine Magdalena Count Palatine near Rhine zu Kleeburg (1616–1662), an illegitimate relationship with Johanna Bayer von Sendau (1636–1699), whose joint descendants were appointed barons of Münzesheim in 1680 and with the village Münzesheim were enfeoffed. This sideline died out in the male line in 1856.
The place Münzesheim belonged to the Counts of Eberstein before 1236 and came after the death of Hugo von Eberstein to Zweibrücken, who sold it to Margrave Rudolf von Baden in 1283 . A tungsten from Münzesheim was proven as early as 1109. This local nobility died out in 1326 and Baden gave the fief to the court warden of Kirchheim .
When Hans Philipp Hofwart von Kirchheim, the last of his tribe, died in 1675, the fief first came to Ursula Katharina von Waldhof zu Merchingen. In 1680, however, it was passed to the two illegitimate sons of Margrave Friedrich VI. transferred from Baden, who were raised to the baron status and named after the place.
Johanna Bayer von Sendau was placed under house arrest by her stepson Margrave Friedrich Magnus in the stronghold near Emmendingen around 1680 . She had after the death of Margrave Friedrich VI. initially stayed in Durlach, where she made enemies through her behavior and her debt. At the end of 1681 she was brought to Remchingen . While her sons were allowed to call themselves barons von Münzesheim, she was denied the title of baroness or baroness.
In 1761 Friedrich August von Münzesheim sold the castle and village of Münzesheim to Margrave Karl Friedrich von Baden-Durlach . Tax sovereignty remained with the knightly canton of Kraichgau . In 1763 the dilapidated moated castle in Münzesheim was demolished.
coat of arms
The family's coat of arms is quartered, fields 1 and 4: two laurel branches that are bent inward and bent at the bottom with their stems and do not touch each other, fields 2 and 3: two diagonally crossed lance flags. The colors are not used.
- Friedrich VI. Margrave of Baden-Durlach (November 16, 1617 - January 31, 1677), appropriately married in 1642 to Christine Magdalena Countess Palatine near Rhein zu Kleeburg (1616–1662), then illegitimate relationship with Johanna Bayer von Sendau (1636– June 24, 1699) . The following are the descendants from this illegitimate relationship, who called themselves Freiherr von Münzesheim:
- Friedrich († April 19, 1678)
- Johann Bernhard (May 17, 1669 - August 17, 1734), 1. ⚭ Magdalene Sophie von Münchingen (April 27, 1676 - August 18, 1703); 2. ⚭ Juliane Sabine von Remchingen (February 26, 1681 - June 14, 1763)
- Maria Sophia (August 24, 1696 - March 27, 1739), from first marriage
- Friederike Louise (August 26, 1698 - June 21, 1700), from first marriage
- Bernhard Friedrich (August 13, 1699 - October 19, 1700), from first marriage
- Karl Wilhelm (June 14, 1701 - December 8, 1701), from first marriage
- Magdalene Sophie (August 18, 1703 - June 25, 1704), from first marriage
- Friedrich August (November 22, 1704 - September 16, 1781), from second marriage, ⚭ Christiane Henriette von Filding (- September 28, 1775)
- Karl Wilhelm (November 15, 1734 - October 6, 1812)
- Karl Friedrich Ludwig (September 21, 1736–1757)
- Ludwig August Heinrich (September 25, 1737 - August 10, 1794)
- Wilhelmine Friederike Louise (March 19, 1739 - March 28, 1739)
- Karl August (April 17, 1740 - April 17, 1740)
- Friedrich Gottfried Wilhelm Ernst (May 1, 1741 - January 23, 1742)
- Karl Philipp (July 24, 1742 - July 24, 1814), ⚭ Marianna von Meergraf († 1829)
- Juliane (July 12, 1771 - January 1, 1846), ⚭ Karl von Beulwitz
- Friedrich August (23 August 1772 - 26 March 1823), 1806 chamberlain, forester in Eppingen, ⚭ Katharina Clementine Wohnlich (1796–1840)
- Caroline (July 30, 1813 - March 24, 1881), ⚭ Karl Entress von Fürsteneck
- Friedrich Alexander (October 9, 1814 - November 27, 1856), lawyer, magistrate, court junker in 1838, then chamberlain in 1842, attorney at court in Rastatt in 1841. Last of the family
- Charlotte Wilhelmine (October 10, 1705 - January 21, 1710), from second marriage
- Elisabeth Juliane (October 1, 1706 - May 29, 1770), from second marriage, ⚭ Otto Friedrich von Mitschefall
- Carl August von Grass (editor), Johann Siebmacher (founder): J. Siebmacher's large and general coat of arms book: in a new, fully ordered u. Richly presumed edition with heraldic and historical-genealogical explanations (volume 2,6): The nobility in Baden: together with appendix, containing the status surveys of the princely house of Fürstenberg , Nuremberg, 1878, p. 64 and plate 39 digitized and correction on p. 140 and plate 81 digitized
- Hans Rott , Franz Xaver Kraus (ed.): Münzesheim. In: The art monuments of the Grand Duchy of Baden (Volume 9.1): The art monuments of the district of Bretten (Karlsruhe district). Tübingen, 1913, pp. 117-125 digitized
- Johann Christian Sachs : Introduction to the history of the Marggravschaft and the Marggravial old princely house of Baden . tape 4 . Lotter, Carlsruhe 1770, p. 699–700 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Entry Münzesheim - Altgemeinde ~ sub-town on discover geography online - leobw
- Entry An illegitimate line of the Margraves of Baden: Barons von Münzesheim on www.welt-der-wappen.de
- see Rott p. 117
- see Rott p. 118
- Christ. Phil. Herbst: Hachberg Castle in Breisgau, mainly from the sixteenth century , Karlsruhe 1851, pp. 153–154 digitized
- Generallandesarchiv Karlsruhe 38 No. 2428 Archivalieneinheit Karlsruhe, 1761 July 28, Friedrich August Freiherr von Münzesheim sells castle and village Münzesheim to Baden-Durlach for 106,300 florins.
- see leobw
- see world of coats of arms
- see Grass / Siebmacher
- see entry An illegitimate line of the margraves of Baden: Barons von Münzesheim on www.welt-der-wappen.de