Manlio Giovanni Brosio

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Manlio Giovanni Brosio

Manlio Giovanni Brosio (born July 10, 1897 in Turin , † March 14, 1980 ibid) was an Italian politician and NATO Secretary General .

During the First World War , Brosio was an artillery officer on the Alpine front . He later received a doctorate in law and joined the Liberal Party (PLI). In illegality, Brosio fought fascist Italy under Benito Mussolini .

From December 10, 1945 to July 13, 1946, he was Italian Minister of War under Prime Minister Alcide De Gasperi . He later became the Italian Ambassador to Moscow , London , Washington, DC and Paris .

From the perspective of the Italian ambassador Manlio Brosio, the goal of the Soviet Union , which they pursued when the GDR was founded, was to prevent Germany from being integrated into the western bloc. In his eyes, the justifications of the USSR for the establishment of the East German state - elections in West Germany and the establishment of the government in Bonn - were unsound. From his point of view, the founding of the GDR was merely a platform for action for the future. The GDR was also supposed to take over the function of a socialist bulwark that Yugoslavia had previously held. Although he denied the GDR's self-inflicted anti-fascist character, in a certain way Brosio welcomed its founding, since he equated reunification with a dangerous strengthening of Germany.

From August 1, 1964 to 1971, Brosio was Secretary General of NATO in Brussels . His predecessor, the Dutchman Dirk Uipko Stikker , had resigned from his post for health reasons. As early as 1961, Brosio had run to succeed Paul-Henri Spaak , but was defeated.

As NATO Secretary General, he demonstrated his diplomatic skills during the endurance test of NATO when France left the military alliance structure.

For Brosio, the invasion of Czechoslovakia by Soviet troops in 1968 was evidence of an adequate defense of the West. At the same time, he did not want to forego a policy of détente.


On May 19, 1971, Brosio was awarded the Icelandic Order of the Falcon (Grand Cross).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Database query on the website of the President of Iceland , accessed on July 6, 2020.
predecessor Office successor
Tommaso Gallarati Scotti Italian Ambassador in London
Vittorio Zotti