Mariinsky Theater

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Facade of the Mariinsky Theater

The Mariinsky Theater ( Russian Марии́нский теа́тр ) is one of the most famous opera and ballet houses in the world. The building is located on St. Petersburg's Theater Square; many important Russian operas and ballets were premiered here. It is the home of the Kirov Ballet , which is still popular when it appears abroad . The ballet now bears the official name of the Ballet Company of the Mariinsky Theater .


Aerial view of the theater: the main building on the left, the new building on the right

The building, erected by Alberto Cavos in 1860, was originally named after Maria Alexandrovna of Hessen-Darmstadt , the wife of Tsar Alexander II . When the building of the Bolshoi Theater proved to be dilapidated in 1886 , the Imperial Opera and Ballet moved to the Mariinsky Theater under the artistic director Ivan Vsevoloschski . In 1919 it was first given the name GATOB ( Gosudarstwennyj akademitscheski teatr opery i baleta , German "State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater") and was renamed the Kirov Theater in 1935 after the chairman of the Leningrad Soviet, Sergei Kirov , who was murdered in 1934. It has had its original name since 1992.

The building holds 2000 spectators. The auditorium is richly decorated in blue, white and gold. Very extensive restoration and renovation work under the direction of the architect Dominique Perrault began in 2006 and was completed in 2009. The acoustics of the concert hall were planned by Yasuhisa Toyota and his company. The new theater building was inaugurated on May 2, 2013 in the presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin (cost 550 million euros).

The theater stage (hence the rehearsal room) has a slope of 4% so that the formations of the ballet performances can be viewed optimally.

The chief conductor, artistic director and director of the theater is Valery Abissalovich Gergiev .

World premieres


The organ was built in 2009 by the organ manufacture Kern (Strasbourg).

I Grand Orgue C – c 4
Montre 16 ′
Bourdon (from Réc.) 16 ′
Montre 8th'
Flûte harmonique 8th'
Bourdon 8th'
Prestant 4 ′
Duplicate 2 ′
Fittings V.
Cornet V 8th'
Basson (from Réc.) 16 ′
Trumpet I. 8th'
Trumpet II (from Réc.) 8th'
Clairon 4 ′
Tremblant doux
II Récit expressif C-c 4
Bourdon 16 ′
Cor de Nuit 8th'
Flute traverse 8th'
Viole de Gambe 8th'
Voix céleste 8th'
Flûte octaviante 4 ′
Octavine 2 ′
Progressio harm. II-IV
Basson 16 ′
Trompette harmonique 8th'
Basson Hautbois 8th'
Voix Humaine 8th'
Clairon 4 ′
III Positif expressif C – c 4
Salicional 8th'
Flûte à fuseau 8th'
Prestant 4 ′
Flute 4 ′
Nazard 2 23
Duplicate 2 ′
Tierce 1 35
Plein jeu IV
Cromorne 8th'
Dulciane 16 ′
Tremblant doux

Chamade C – c 4
Trumpets 8th'
Pedale C – g 1
Soubasse 32 '
Soubasse 16 '
Principal 16 '
Bourdon (from Réc.) 16 ′
Grande Flûte 8th'
Bourdon (from Réc.) 8th'
Flute 4 ′
Bourdon (from Réc.) 4 ′
Bombard 16 ′
Basson (from Réc.) 16 ′
Trumpet I. 8th'
Trumpet II (from Réc.) 8th'
Basson (from Réc.) 8th'
Clairon (from Réc.) 4 ′
Basson (from Réc.) 4 ′
  • Pairing :
    • Normal coupling: II / I, III / I, III / II
    • Sub-octave coupling: II / I, III / I, III / II, III / III
    • Chamaden at I, II, III, P.

Web links

Commons : Mariinsky Theater  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 59 ° 55 ′ 32.5 ″  N , 30 ° 17 ′ 45.5 ″  E