Marsh Lake (Yukon)
|Marsh Lake in January|
|Geographical location||Yukon ( Canada )|
|Location close to the shore||Whitehorse|
|Altitude above sea level|
|Maximum depth||50 m|
The lake formed the southern border of the traditional territory of the Ta'an Kwäch'än First Nation , an Indian group that belongs to the Southern Tutchone . There are also other groups, such as the Tagish .
The Yukon played an important role in transporting the prospectors and their equipment to Dawson during the Klondike Gold Rush . Many of the men built their own boats at first and felled trees on Lake Bennett and Tagish Lake , less so on Marsh Lake, which at that time was still called Mud Lake . The surveyor and doctor Frederick Schwatka (1849-1892) renamed him. The Ta'an Kwäch'än withdrew from the area and were given a tiny reservation on Lake Laberge north of Whitehorse . With the steam boats plying the lakes, the need for wood, which was used as fuel for the boilers, increased. Extensive logging began at the southeast end of Lake Marsh.
In 1942 construction began on the Alaska Highway , which runs along the east side of the lake. In 1956 the Canadian government forced the amalgamation of several Indian tribes to form the Whitehorse Indian Band , today's Kwanlin Dun First Nation in and around Whitehorse . These groups had settled around Whitehorse early on. It was not until 1987 that the Ta'an Kwäch'än broke away from this association. In 2002 they signed a contract with the government that gave them a self-governed reservation around Lake Laberge.
With the growth of the capital of the territory, more and more houses were built on the lake, so that in 2001 the place Marsh Lake was created, which has around 400 inhabitants. In 2008 there were 406 households, with many of the residents only living in one of the 437 lots in summer .
- former Marsh Lake Community website , archive.org, Dec. 4, 2011
- environmentyukon.ca: Bathymetric map