Fair (shipping)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In German merchant shipping , as in the German navy, a trade fair is a room on board a ship in which food is eaten and leisure time can be spent. It is therefore a mixture of dining room and living room . Occasional training courses or meetings are also held here.



View of a team fair
View into an officers' mess
View into a salon with library (left) and dining area (right)

The ship's crew is traditionally divided into crew and officers. Up until the 1970s, three to four different trade fairs were planned for larger ocean-going vessels. In addition to the team mess, there was the officers mess and the salon. Depending on the shipping tradition , there was occasionally a separate fair on large ships, in which the boatswain , the storekeeper, the carpenter and, on the tankers, the pump man ate their meals. In the crew mess, the ranks of the crew, such as cabin boys , sailors , cleaners and greasers ate . In contrast to the other trade fairs, this simplest trade fair could also be entered with work clothes in some cases. The table setting and clearing, known as the bakery , was done by the steward on larger ships, by the baker in turns on smaller units or exclusively by the lowest rank, the cabin boy (s).

The officers ate in the officers ' mess, and the officers also include engineers , engineering assistants, radio operators and electricians. The ship's command , the captain , the chief engineer (chief) and the chief officer as well as any passengers on board ate in the saloon . Two to four stewards and fair boys served to serve the people in the mess and salon at meals, set the table and did the washing up and were also responsible for the chamber service of the higher ranks.

Development on merchant ships

While work and team fairs are usually more simple, officers' fairs and especially the salon are regularly characterized by more sophisticated equipment.

Up to the above-mentioned period, 40 to 50 crew members were on duty on the large merchant ships , as the operation of the ship with cargo booms and general cargo was very labor-intensive, the ship's machinery was still operated manually and most of the training took place on board. That has changed to a large extent, pallets and containers have streamlined general cargo transport, which optimizes cargo handling and shortens lay times in port from several days to several hours. Instead of 12 to 20 crew members for machine operation and work on deck, modern, automated, large overseas ships only have a total of 20 to 25 people as a crew. The professions such as cabin boys, sailors, cleaners and greasers have disappeared in the German shipping industry; instead, ship mechanics and ship operators work depending on requirements, both on deck and in the engine.

This development also had an impact on the lifestyle and living culture on board. Depending on the shipping company, the trade fairs have also changed, often turning into integrated trade fairs with separate areas for officers and men.

In the German Navy

The officers' mess (without Fugen-S) for all officers still exists in the German Navy today . On the larger ships of some navies, the commander is not a member of the mess and only stays there by invitation. There are also separate fairs for Portepee NCOs ( PUO fair ), NCOs (U fair) and for the crews (M fair), whereby the smaller fairs are not fairs in the sense of the service regulations, but cafeterias . In the officers' mess and the PUO messes, crew soldiers are mostly used as a pantry. In all trade fairs there is a so-called fair elder who watches over the order in the fair.

The naval officers 'associations in German cities sometimes refer to themselves as the naval officers' fair, as do the companies on board themselves.

See also


  • Friedrich Boer: Everything about a ship and its cargo . 1962 Freiburg; Herder publishing house
  • Kurt Flechsenhaar: Cap San Diego ; 1994 Herford. Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, ISBN 3-7822-0609-6
  • Introduction to ship operations. Central Office for Education of the Ministry of Transport, Berlin 1983

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Officers mess , the. In: Duden , accessed on December 31, 2012.
  2. Explanation in the marine glossary of the German Maritime Institute , accessed on January 31, 2016.