Michael Krupp

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Michael Krupp (* 1938 in Elbing ) is a German Protestant theologian and Judaist .


Michael Krupp spent his early childhood in Elbing, East Prussia. His parents were active opponents of National Socialism . Krupp's father Gerhard was dean of the Confessing Church and was imprisoned for several months for criticizing the persecution of the Jews.

After the end of the Second World War , the family was evicted. The children were first sent to relatives in the Harz Mountains, later the family moved to Essen. Two of Krupp's younger sisters died from the rigors of post-war hunger and a lack of medication. Krupp found solace in the Bible, especially the Old Testament writings .

When the Bundeswehr was founded in 1955, he was asked to be drafted. As the only student at his grammar school, he refused to do military service. During this time, Krupp dealt intensively with the State of Israel and learned some New Hebrew . After studying theology at the Free University of West Berlin , he attended a course on Zionism . He traveled to Israel for the first time in 1959 and lived for some time as a volunteer in a kibbutz .

After his return, Krupp campaigned for the state of Israel within left-wing political groups such as the Socialist German Student Union . In addition to theology, Krupp studied Jewish and Islamic studies . In 1966 he did his doctorate with Helmut Gollwitzer . Shortly afterwards he married his wife Danièle, a French Jew from Algeria.

Due to his marriage to a Jewish woman, Krupp was not hired as a pastor by the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland . In contrast, the West Berlin Evangelical Church of the Union ordained Krupp and sent him to Jerusalem in 1970 to set up a church meeting center.

In Jerusalem, Krupp looked after German theology students at the Hebrew University , headed the office of Aktion Sühnezeichen , was the person in charge of interdenominational discussions and later chairman of the Israel Interfaith Association. In 1978 he was one of the co-founders of the Study in Israel program , of which he had been the director of studies since it was founded and remained until 2003.

Michael Krupp broke with the anti-Jewish-anti-Semitic tradition of the Christian church. In its theology, Judaism is not regarded as an obstinate religious community that does not recognize Jesus Christ as the Messiah, but as a religious counterpart. Krupp strictly rejects mission to the Jews . This attitude has now largely established itself in the Evangelical Church .

Krupp wrote several books on the Talmud and on Zionism. Since 2002 he has been publishing the Mishnah in a German-Hebrew version. After retiring as a Protestant pastor in Jerusalem, he built up a German Protestant community in Belgrade .

Danièle and Michael Krupp are the parents of four Jewish children. In the summer of 2003, Krupp received his first Israeli identity card.

Selected Works

  • I forget you, Jerusalem. From Zion's longing to Israel's rebirth . Sternberg, Metzingen 1962, DNB  452612128 .
  • Zionism and the State of Israel. A historical outline . 3. Edition. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 1992, ISBN 3-579-00791-2 .
  • The history of the Jews in the Land of Israel. From the end of the Second Temple to Zionism . Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 1993, ISBN 3-579-00765-3 .
  • To sacrifice the son? The Isaac tradition among Jews, Christians and Muslims . Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 1995, ISBN 3-579-00289-9 .
  • As editor: Qumran texts. To the dispute about Jesus and early Christianity . 2nd Edition. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 1996, ISBN 3-579-01304-1 .
  • The Talmud . 2nd Edition. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 1999, ISBN 3-579-00772-6 .
  • The history of Zionism . Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 2001, ISBN 3-579-01212-6 .
  • As editor: The Mishnah. Critical edition with German translation and commentary . Verlag der Weltreligionen, Frankfurt 2007 (new edition of the Jerusalem edition 2002 ff.).
  • The history of the State of Israel. From the foundation until today . 2nd Edition. Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh 2004, ISBN 3-579-06401-0 .
  • As editor: The Passover Haggadah . Lee Achim Sefarim, Jerusalem 2006, ISBN 965-7221-38-2 .

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