Michaelis School (Lüneburg)

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Michaeliskloster with the school buildings, 1795

The Michaelisschule was the school that had existed from the 14th century until 1819, first of the Michaelis monastery , then of the Michaelis church in Lüneburg . It was the oldest school in Lüneburg.


The church and the monastery of Sankt Michaelis were a Saxon foundation of the 10th century. After the change to Protestantism , the Latin school remained . In 1655 the monastery was converted into the Knight Academy (Lüneburg) , next to which the (civil) Michaelis School continued to exist as a particular school . In 1660 the establishment of an academic high school followed .

The Michaelis School and the Michaeliskirche were known for their music care. In particular, as a result of collecting, the school had one of the most extensive choral music libraries of the 17th and 18th centuries.

Choral singing declined towards the end of the 18th century. It was discontinued in 1796. The Michaelis School was closed in 1849 by a government decision. The holdings of the music library were scattered.

Known students

The young Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Michael Heinze, painting after Johann Ernst Heinsius, 1790, Gleimhaus Halberstadt

Known teachers


  • Arnold Freiherr von Weyhe-Eimke: The Aebte of the St. Michaelis Monastery in Lüneburg: With special reference to the history of the monastery and the knight academy . Schulze, Celle 1862 ( Google Book - with a complete list of the students of the Knight Academy in the appendix).
  • Heinz Henschke: The Michaelis School. in: Elevations. Annual notebooks of the Arbeitskreis Lüneburger Altstadt eV, issue 16 (2000), pp. 18–31.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Max Seiffert : The choir library of the St. Michaelis School in Lüneburg zu Seb. Bach's time . In: Anthologies of the International Music Society . tape 9 (1907/1908) , pp. 593-621 ( Google Book ).