Order of the Holy Crown
The Order of the Holy Crown (Hungarian: Magyar Szent Korona Rend ) was founded informally in 1942 by the Hungarian ruler and head of state Miklós Horthy , on March 3, 1943, with statutes, and was intended exclusively for awarding to foreigners who had made services to the country had. So received z. B. Joachim von Ribbentrop in 1944 the Grand Cross with Swords.
The order consisted of eight classes
- Grand Cross
- Commander's Cross, 1st and 2nd class
- Golden Cross of Merit
- Silver Cross of Merit
- Bronze Cross of Merit
All classes could be awarded for military merit with crossed swords through the cross angles. In addition, it was possible to award the war decoration (a green enameled oak leaf wreath under the cross arms) for services in times of war. Therefore, there are signs of the order with swords or the war decoration as well as with swords and the war decoration.
The grand cross was carried on a sash from the right shoulder to the left hip and with an eight-pointed breast star on which the medal rests. Commander's Cross I and II Class decorated the award as a neck medal , commanders I Class additionally with a four-pointed breast star. The officer's cross was worn as a plug medal, knight's and merit cross on a ribbon on the left side of the chest. The ribbon is red.
- Arnhard Graf Klenau: European order from 1700. Klenau Rosenheim 1978, ISBN 3-921566-05-3 .
- Géza Tálas: Magyarország rendjelei és kitüntetései 1922–1944. Budapest 1975.
- Attila Pandula: Sacra Corona Hungariae - The Holy Crown in the History of Hungarian Faleristics. Kőszeg 1994.