The Otetschestwennyje Sapiski ( Russian : Отечественные записки; German for example: "Vaterländische Notizen", "Vaterländische Annalen") were a Russian monthly magazine based in Saint Petersburg , which appeared from 1818 to 1884. Most of its subscribers belonged to the liberal intelligentsia . Some important works of Russian literature - including Ivan Goncharov's Oblomov (1859) and Fyodor Dostoevsky The youth (1875) - are as feuilleton novels of Otetschestwennyje Zapiski been written and first published here.
The writer and painter Pavel Swinjin (1787-1839), a personal friend of Alexander Pushkin and Nikolai Gogol , founded the magazine in 1818. The editorial had its seat in the house of the merchant Kosikowski, Nevsky Prospekt 15, today as Tschitscherin house known is. From 1820 the editions appeared monthly. The contributions initially consisted of literary texts and articles on science and Russian history.
Swinjin gave up the magazine in 1830, but Andrei Krajewski continued the work in 1839. Tonangebender House author of the literary critic was Vissarion Belinsky , the Otetschestwennyje Zapiski but published next article by Alexander Herzen , Mikhail Bakunin , Timofei Granovsky , Nikolai Nekrasov , Fyodor Dostoevsky, Apollon Maikov, Ivan Turgenev , Vladimir Dal , Vladimir Odojewski , Alexei Pissemski and Afanasy Fet . The publications by Faddei Bulgarin , Nikolai Gretsch ( Severnaya ptschela , [Северная пчела, "Nordic bee"]; Syn otetschestwa ) and by Ossip Julian Senkyakovsky ( Biblioteka dlja chtenya]) " Biblioteka dlja chtenya" ) and " Biblioteka dlja chtenya" ) and by Ossipka dlja chtenya [Библтечелчелчечел on the Бибиблатиначелания] were direct competitors of the Otetschestvennyje Sapiski . . During the long time of its existence, the editorial team had changing addresses. During the heyday of the magazine (1867-1876) it was in Nekrasov's apartment (18 Nadeschdinskaja, today Mayakowskogo).
The Otetschestvennyje Sapiski lost subscribers and importance when Belinsky left the magazine in 1846 to work for Nikolai Nekrasov's more radical magazine Sovremennik . The Otetschestvennyje Sapiski did not begin to print political articles until 1859.
In 1867 Nekrasov acquired the publication rights and in 1868 - together with Mikhail Saltykow-Shchedrin , NK Michailowski and Grigori Elisejew - editor of the magazine. Many authors of geratenen because of his radicalism under pressure Sovremennik started for Otetschestwennyje Zapiski to write, including Vsevolod Garshin , Vladimir Korolenko , Dmitry Mamin-Sibiryak and Populists as Gleb Uspensky , the ever radicalized the sheet in the 1870s. In 1884 the authorities forced the editorial office to close. Their sole boss had been Saltykov-Shchedrin since Nekrasov's death (1878). The majority of the authors found new work at the Sewerny Westnik magazine .
Important first publications (selection)
- 1846 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky: The doppelganger
- 1848 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky: White Nights
- 1849 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky: Njetotschka Neswanowa (fragment)
- 1859 - Ivan Goncharov: Oblomov
- 1870 - Gleb Uspenski: Street of the Lost
- 1875 - Fyodor Dostoyevsky: The young man
- 1882 - Gleb Uspenski: The power of the earth
- "Otetschestvennyje Sapiski" , Russian online version
- ↑ a b c d e Otetschestvennyje Sapiski in the online encyclopedia Saint Petersburg (English, Russian ), accessed on December 5, 2013
- ↑ Chicherin House in the online encyclopedia Saint Petersburg (English, Russian ), accessed on December 5, 2013