Palazzo Vendramin-Calergi

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Palazzo Vendramin-Calergi (2011)
Side view
The Palazzo Vendramin-Calergi in a photo by Carlo Naya 1870

The Palazzo Vendramin-Calergi is a Venetian palace on the left bank of the Grand Canal in the Cannaregio sestiere between the Palazzo Marcello del Majno and the Casa Volpi di San Marcuola .


The palazzo was built by Mauro Codussi between 1481 and 1509 for Andrea Loredan and financed by Doge Leonardo Loredan . He became famous above all through Richard Wagner , who died there in 1883. Today the building houses the municipal winter casino.

The facade design of this palace is of outstanding importance for the architectural history of Venice . The aim was to establish a connection between the Venetian tradition and the then modern direction of the Renaissance , i.e. between the round column- arch row of the old Venetian school and the rectangular colonnade structure of the Renaissance. Codussi had developed a system to set the horizontal colonnade order so precisely proportioned in front of the archway of the window that a new unit developed between the two, which could hardly be recognized any more that two different principles were involved. These windows have been called “Codussi windows” in Venice since Palazzo Vendramin after their builder.

In his Biblioteca Marciana , Jacopo Sansovino repeated the principle of superimposing old, traditionally round arches and Renaissance forms, which Codussi introduced into Venetian architecture .

In 1581 the Loredan had to sell the palace to Duke Erich II of Braunschweig-Calenberg-Göttingen , who soon passed it on to Duke Guglielmo Gonzaga . In 1589 Vettor Calergi, from an old Venetian patrician family of Greek origin and richly wealthy on Crete (in the Venetian colony Duchy of Candia, which existed from 1212 to 1669 ), bought him on the occasion of his marriage to Isabetta Gritti. Their daughter Marina married Vincenzo Grimani in 1608 . With the help of the master builder Vincenzo Scamozzi, in 1614 they extended the right wing into the garden to form today's L-shaped building. In 1739 the palace was inherited by Niccolò Vendramin , who took on the name Vendramin-Calergi , which the building has since then been called. Princess Maria Karolina of Naples-Sicily bought it in 1844, followed by her grandson Heinrich Karl von Bourbon-Parma and their children from their second marriage to Ettore Carlo Lucchesi Palli , Duca della Grazia. In 1882/83 Richard Wagner spent his last five months as a tenant in the side wing and died here on February 13, 1883. In 1995 a Richard Wagner Museum was opened there. Giuseppe Volpi bought the house in 1937 and owned it until 1946; he carried out remedial measures. The city of Venice then acquired the palace and housed a casino here. Today the Casinò di Venezia SpA is the owner.

The Meuser House in Cologne was built in 1885 based on the model of the Palazzo.


The Austrian writer and satirist Alexander Roda Roda chose the Palazzo Vendramin as the setting for one of his humorous stories. In the short story Blümelhuber's Encounters with Richard Wagner , the spirit of Richard Wagner appears continually to an artist working in the palazzo and looks over his shoulder as he paints.


  • Günther Binding : Master of the architecture. History of the architect and engineering profession . Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 2004, ISBN 3-534-15029-5 , p. 157.
  • Rolf Toman (ed.): The art of the Italian Renaissance. Architecture - sculpture - painting - drawing . Könemann, Cologne 1994, ISBN 3-89508-054-3 , p. 167.

Web links

Commons : Palazzo Vendramin-Calergi  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Alexander Roda Roda: Blümelhuber's encounters with Richard Wagner . In: Roda Roda and the forty villains , Paul Zsolnay Verlag, Berlin / Vienna / Leipzig 1932.

Coordinates: 45 ° 26 ′ 34.6 "  N , 12 ° 19 ′ 46.2"  E