Personal training

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Personal training inside
Personal training outside

Personal Training (Engl. Personal training ) or individual training denote the physical and possibly also mental fitness training as part of a personal and individual care of individuals by a trained coach . He advises on the creation of a training plan, prepares individual lessons tailored to individual needs and gives tips for a diet that supports the training. Training sessions are usually held in fitness studios or outdoors. In addition to individual training, there is 1: 2 support, so-called partner personal training and training in small groups (e.g. for the employees of a company).


A personal trainer creates training plans, advises on the selection of appropriate sports equipment and gives tips for a diet that supports training. They look after people during training, provide assistance and, if necessary, correct incorrect movements. In fitness centers, they may also be responsible for maintaining exercise equipment.

Personal trainings are often used by:

  • People who are busy professionally and in terms of time and who want to make the most of the time available with individually tailored exercise programs.
  • Niche target groups (such as children or seniors) who need training tailored to them and their capabilities (taking into account complaints and previous illnesses).
  • Celebrities who prefer individual workouts over a gym.
  • People who have not achieved personal goals in gyms or diets and need motivation and control of their training by a trainer.

Another field of activity of the personal trainer is the area of ​​company fitness. Company fitness is offered as group sport for employees as compensation training for the workplace. The goal is healthy and motivated employees who are less sick.

Well-known personal trainers are Daniel from Sweden , John Sitaras , Clifford Opoku-Afari , and Lyen Wong .

Special forms

Online personal trainer

An online personal trainer is programmed with the knowledge and experience of a real trainer and is able, after entering some essential personal data, such as B. training goal, training focus, equipment used, age and training frequency to automatically generate individualized training plans and nutrition plans for the respective user. A variation of this form is online personal training, which involves communicating with a real trainer over the Internet.

Micro gym

In micro-fitness studios, where training is usually carried out in a small space without the classic fitness equipment, personal trainers are compulsory. For example, strength training with free weights, athletic training, functional training or so-called EMS training are used.


Personal training became known in Germany at the end of the 1990s, among other things through the establishment of the Federal Association of German Personal Trainers (today Federal Association of Personal Training ).

The job title “personal trainer” is not protected by law. There is no uniform and generally recognized training. You can call yourself a “personal trainer” even without any training. Commercial institutes offer so-called certificates and qualifications.

Most full-time trainers are organized in networks such as the Federal Association of Personal Training . As a rule, in addition to a university degree or basic training, you have completed several additional and advanced training courses.

In Germany today there are around 300 full-time personal trainers and several thousand trainers who offer personal training on a part-time basis. Some also work at a gym, as it gives them easier access to the market.

The price for one hour of training with a professional personal trainer is between 80 and 150 euros. The comparatively high price results, among other things, from the fact that full-time trainers prepare and follow up each training unit and adapt to each client individually in terms of time and space and often also accept longer journeys to the individual clients. In addition, taxes (e.g. sales tax) and pension insurance contributions must be paid. In Germany there is compulsory pension insurance for full-time trainers (including self-employed). Most full-time personal trainers also have professional indemnity insurance. Many personal trainers are also available as contacts outside of the training and take on, for example, motivational coaching to ensure the regularity of dietary changes and independently conducted training units.


Training as a personal trainer can either be completed after compulsory schooling as a teaching profession or as part of a sports or health professional degree or adult education . Training courses are offered at federal sports academies , private further education institutes in the field of fitness and wellness training as well as at various private sports, exercise and health schools. They differ considerably in terms of their training content, duration and costs.

The legal requirement for an apprenticeship as a personal trainer or fitness supervisor is completing compulsory schooling and successfully passing an aptitude test to prove physical and mental fitness. The apprenticeship period is three years, with training taking place in the company and at the vocational school.

In Austria, no proof of qualification is required for the "creation of training concepts for health-conscious people" according to the federal list of independent trades . No business license is required for self-employment , since according to § 2 GewO the transfer of knowledge in the form of teaching (e.g. in the context of lectures, workshops, seminars, cooking courses, etc.) is excluded from the scope of the trade regulations.


The designation "personal training" or "personal fitness training" is not a recognized professional category in Switzerland and is not subject to uniform quality standards. Hence there are differences in training, quality and costs. The "Swiss Personal Trainer Association", founded in 2007, advocates quality assurance, transparency for customers and the promotion of the "personal trainer" profession, with the aim of making it a recognized title within the movement professions.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ AMS career information system , fitness supervisor, accessed on June 24, 2015.
  2. Does online personal training work? , The Telegraph, published April 24, 2014, accessed June 24, 2015.
  3. Micro-fitness studio: Lifestyle-Trend in Großstädten ,, accessed on November 21, 2012
  4. Electrical muscle stimulation: give the buff current! , Spiegel Online, Ina Brzoska, September 28, 2012
  5. EMS: A new form of training in the gym sets standards. In terms of methodology, workload and efficiency.
  6. Jens Freese, Sabine Weigmann: Personal Training. Deutscher Trainer Verlag, 2003, ISBN 3-9371-6702-1 , p. 11
  7. ^ Arnd Krüger : Commercial sports providers, In Arnd Krüger, Axel Dreyer : Sportmanagement . Munich: Oldenbourg 2004, pp. 399-426.
  8. ^ AMS Berufe… In: Gesundheit, Fitness, Wellness. Edition 2014/2015, p. 137 (pdf, accessed June 24, 2015).
  9. ^ Federal standard list of free trades. Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, published on January 20, 2015 (accessed on June 24, 2015).
  10. SPTV ( Memento of the original from June 25, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed June 24, 2015 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /