Pramoedya Ananta Toer
Pramoedya Ananta Toer (born February 6, 1925 in Blora , Central Java , † April 30, 2006 in Jakarta ) was an Indonesian writer. He is considered the most important Indonesian author of the 20th century. His works have been translated into 37 languages and he has been nominated several times for the Nobel Prize for Literature .
From 1947 to 1949 the Dutch occupiers imprisoned him for “anti-colonial thinking”. After a stay in Holland he worked as a writer and editor in Jakarta. Because of his proximity to communist organizations, he was imprisoned without trial after the coup of the later dictator Soeharto and spent the years from 1965 to 1979 in various prisons, first on Nusa Kambangan and then mainly on the prison island of Buru . Here he wrote his most famous work, the Buru Tetralogy . The strongly autobiographical work Silent Song of a Mute tells of his time on Buru . After intervention by the Carter government, he was released in 1979, but could not leave Jakarta until Soeharto's fall in 1998. His works have only appeared again in Indonesia since 1999.
On April 28, 2006 Toer was admitted to the intensive care unit at St. Carolus Hospital in Jakarta with heart problems and problems with his diabetes . After his release, his health deteriorated and on April 30, 2006, Pramoedya Ananta Toer passed away in his daughter's home.
- Kranji-Bekasi Jatuh . 1947
- Perburuan . ("The hunted / hunting area") 1950
- Keluarga Gerilya . 1950
- Bukan Pasar Malam. 1951, German: human for human . Horlemann, Bad Horlemann 1993, ISBN 3-927905-78-X
- Cerita dari Blora. 1952, German: Stories from Blora.
- Gulat di Jakarta. 1953
- Korupsi . ("Corruption") 1954
- Midah - Si Manis Bergigi Emas . 1954
- Cerita Calon Arang . 1957
- Hoakiau di Indonesia. 1960
- Panggil Aku Kartini Saja I & II. 1962
- Gadis Pantai . 1982, German: The bride of Bendoro . Bastei, Bergisch Gladbach 1996, ISBN 3-404-12587-8
Buru tetralogy :
- Bumi Manusia . 1980, German garden of mankind . 1984
- Anak Semua Bangsa . 1980, in German by Brigitte Schneebeli; with an afterword by Rüdiger Siebert: Kind of all nations. Union, Zurich 1994, ISBN 3-293-20047-8 ; as Unionverlag-Taschenbuch 706, 2015, ISBN 978-3-293-20706-6
- Jejak Langkah . 1985, in German by Giok Hiang-Gornik: Trace of Steps. Horlemann, Unkel / Bad Honnef 1998, ISBN 3-89502-082-6 ; as Unionsverlag-Taschenbuch 242, Unionverlag, Zurich 2002, ISBN 3-293-20242-X .
- Rumah Kaca . 1988, in German by Giok Hiang Gornik: House made of glass . Horlemann, Bad Honnef 2003, ISBN 3-89502-168-7 .
- Arus Balik . 1995
- Nyanyi Suni Seorang Bisu, catatan catatan dari P. Buru. 1995, in German by Diethelm Hofstra: Silent song of a mute. Records from Buru . Horlemann, Bad Honnef 2000, ISBN 3-89502-115-6 .
- Arok Dedes . 1999
- Mangir . 1999
- Larasati . 2000
- Jalan Praya Pos, Jalan Daendels . 2005
- Antoin Aropp: Dissidence. Pramoedya Ananta Toer, itinéraire d'un écrivain révolutionnaire indonésien . Édition Kailash, Paris 2004, ISBN 2-84268-113-4 .
- Nagesh Rao (Ed.): Exile. Pramoedya Ananta Toer in conversation with André Vitchek and Rossie Indira . Haymarket Books, Chicago, Ill. 2006, ISBN 1-931859-28-0 .
- Literature by and about Pramoedya Ananta Toer in the catalog of the German National Library
- Pramoedya Ananta Toer in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Pramoedya Ananta Toer in the nndb (English)
- Portal to Pramoedya Ananta Toer (English)
- "Pramoedya Ananta Toer, 81, Indonesian Novelist, Dies" , The New York Times , May 1, 2006
- Pramoedya Ananta Toer: My Cell Mate. (Translated by James T. Siegel) In: Indonesia 64, October 1997, pp. 1-7
|SURNAME||Toer, Pramoedya Ananta|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Indonesian writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 6, 1925|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Blora , Central Java|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 30, 2006|
|Place of death||Jakarta|