Put (bible)

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Put ( Hebrew פוט pûṭ ; Septuagint - Greek Φουδ Foud ) is according to the table of nations in Gen 10.6  EU the third son of Ham and grandson of Noah . His brothers are Cush , Egypt and Canaan . The name "Put" is mentioned in the Bible and can refer to both the name of a person and the name of a people.

Put as Libya

According to the Roman-Jewish historian Flavius ​​Josephus , “put” means Libya .

“Phutes brought colonists to Libya and named them Phuter after his name. There is also a river of this name in the Moors, which, along with the neighboring Phute, is also mentioned by many Greek historians. Libya got its current name from Libys, one of the sons of Mestraïm; later I will give the reason why it is also called Africa. "

- Flavius ​​Josephus : Antiquitates Iudaicae

A Libyan tribe called pidw appears in Egyptian accounts of the 22nd Dynasty and a Ptolemaic text from Edfu refers to t3 n n3 pit.w - "The land of Pitu". The word "Pitu" was in Demotic to pit , then in Coptic to faiat , whereby the northwest of Africa was called. The Septuagint also translates “Put” in the Book of Ezekiel as Libyes .

As a river and city in Mauritania

Pliny the Elder mentions a river called "Fut" in western Mauritania , near present-day Morocco Claudius Ptolemy also mentioned a city "Putea" in Libya.

Put as a "pet" in Nubia

The Egyptian monuments mention a people called "Pet" whose coat of arms was a unthreaded bow. The people of Nubia were also known for mastering the bow and arrow. These people lived between Egypt and Aithiopia .

Put as the country punt in Arabia

The German Egyptologist and writer Georg Ebers referred to the inscriptions of Wadi Hammamat , which testify to trade between Egypt and the country of Punt , to identify Punt as a nation of the Arabian Peninsula . Among other things, Ebers also referred to the pronunciation factors of Ancient Egyptian to show that the name “Put” referred to the land of Punt .

“A people punt occurs frequently on the monuments, and this name is absolutely identical with put, because a medial T-sound was so unpronounceable for the Egyptians that they introduced the nasal n wherever they encountered one in a strange name . […] In addition, since Put ends with Teth, which cannot be called completely medial, we refer to the perception, supported by Rougé and Brugsch, that a 'ñ' was often inserted between the last and penultimate capital letters. "

Put as the island of Philae

In Isaiah 66.19  EU , the Septuagint translates the name “Pul” as “Put”. The reason for this was that this nation or people is not mentioned anywhere else in the Bible. The translators of the Septuagint apparently believed it was likely a reading error. Samuel Bochart assumes that "Pul" referred to the island of Philae between Egypt and Aithiopia . The island was called "Pilak" by the Egyptians.

Individual evidence

  1. Flavius ​​Josephus, Jüdische Antiquities 6.2 ( online ).
  2. Pliny the Elder , Naturalis historia V, 1 ( online ).
  3. ^ Claudius Ptolemy , Geographie IV, 3 ( online ).
  4. Pulpit Commentary, Commentary on Isaiah 66:19 ( online ).
  5. Georg Ebers : Egypt and the books of Moses . W. Engelmann, Leipzig 1868, pp. 64-65 ( online ).
  6. ^ Albert Barnes: Albert Barne's Notes on the Whole Bible . Commentary on Isaiah 66:19 ( online ).