Rauch's estate is located in Bremen , Burglesum district, St. Magnus district, Richthofenstrasse 70. The entire complex was built in 1871 according to plans by Heinrich Müller . Villa Rauch (since 1923 Haus Richardson ), Gutsgarten and the gardener's house have been listed as a historical monument in Bremen since 1973 .
The area of Rauch's estate comprised around 6 hectares.
The large, two-storey, plastered, 7-axis villa in an H-shape with the flat hipped roof , a cantilevered, strong cornice, the mezzanine and plinth, the central open staircase and 900 square meters of usable area was in the style of 1871 in the era of historicism of classicism built for the merchant Johann Christoph Gottlieb Rauch. The building was also called Villa Fuchsberg because there were some fox burrows in an old burial mound. The area around the Fuchsberg between the villas was popularly called "bi den Wedel" or "op den Wedel".
It was known as Haus Richardson since 1923 after it was acquired by John Richardson, owner of the North Sea Fishery Bremerhaven . In 1928 it became the property of a Wilhelmshaven bank and in 1937 the property of the German Reich . The building was then used to house an officers' mess and, after the Second World War, a children's home. In 1983 it was owned by a youth association. This association cares for severely disabled people. In 2012 he moved to other new buildings on the site (Chaukenhügel 11 and Chaukenhügel 13 dormitory).
In 2014/15, an energy company rebuilt the house according to plans by the architect Uwe Meier and built a stacked floor above the mezzanine, which the Bremen State Office for Monument Preservation approved despite concerns, in order to enable the house to be renovated and further used. Today (2018) the main house is used by the company Energiequelle GmbH , which previously had its headquarters in the house electricity and water supply center in St. Magnus. A two-story, but significantly lower, new building was built next to the villa.
The gardener's house from 1871 is two-story, plastered and has a T-shaped floor plan. It has a massive portico and a hipped roof , the corners are emphasized and the building is decorated with two round medallions. It is also used by the energy company.
- Rudolf Stein : Classicism and Romanticism in the architecture of Bremen. Hauschild Verlag , Bremen 1964.
- Monument database of the LfD , Overall system
- Monument database of the LfD , Villa Rauch
- Monument database of the LfD , Gardener's house
- Jürgen Theiner: New life in the monument . In: Die Norddeutsche from September 7, 2012.
- Wolfram Strehlau: Monument in the Bremen district of St. Magnus converted into company headquarters. Creative for regenerative . In: Property currently