Robert Josef Bloch

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Stumbling blocks for the Bloch family

Robert Josef Bloch (born July 8, 1888 in Stuttgart , † 1942 in Auschwitz concentration camp ) was a German lawyer.


Robert Bloch was the elder of two sons of the Stuttgart textile merchant Salomon (Sally) Bloch (born June 14, 1856 in Gailingen ; † October 5, 1927) and his wife Lina, née. Eisig (born April 4, 1862 in Heilbronn , † September 25, 1942 in Theresienstadt concentration camp ). He studied law and on October 1, 1916 became a judicial assessor in the Württemberg judicial service. From November 1, 1924, he worked as a local judge in Waiblingen , in 1927 he came to the Stuttgart Regional Court and from September 17, 1928 he was a local judge at the Stuttgart I District Court . He later became an assistant judge at the Stuttgart Regional Court.

Bloch published the concise dictionary of revaluation jurisprudence at the end of the 1920s and, together with Eugen Boxler, the economic police work in 1928 . Collection of imperial laws and ordinances on white-collar crime .

From 1927 to 1933 he lived at Silberburgstrasse 55 in Stuttgart. He had to give up this place of residence after he was released on August 11, 1933 under the Civil Service Act . He moved back to Johannesstrasse 66, where his widowed mother had probably lived since 1905 and his father ran the S. Bloch jr. had operated. He was able to work as a foreign exchange advisor until 1936, after which he was only allowed to advise Jewish emigrants. Otherwise he received little financial support until November 1938. In 1940 or 1941 the family was relocated from Johannesstraße 66 to Breitscheidstraße 35 (then: Militärstraße).

When the emigration ban came into effect in 1941, his last source of income ceased to exist. Robert Bloch, seriously ill, was deported to Auschwitz on July 13, 1942, where he was probably murdered soon after his arrival. Martin Rieger, President of the Stuttgart Regional Court, had tried to intervene with the Gestapo and prevent Bloch's deportation , which only led to Rieger's early retirement in 1943.


Clothes hanger with the inscription “Damen-Mantel-Fabrik S. Bloch jr. Stuttgart"

Robert Josef Bloch had a younger brother named Oskar Eugen Bloch (born April 14, 1892 in Stuttgart). This hit a commercial career. He was a partner in the cloth wholesaler Hermann Stern founded in 1875, which was initially located at 11 Schellingstrasse. From 1937 he ran the business from his apartment: he had lived for a time at Johannesstrasse 74, but had moved back to his mother in 1929. At the age of 50, Oskar Bloch married the 28-year-old Ilse Löwenstein (born January 4, 1914 in Tübingen ). On June 18, 1943, the couple were deported to Theresienstadt ; Oskar Bloch was brought to Auschwitz on October 16, 1944, and murdered there, as was his wife a week later.

Lina Bloch probably moved to Johannesstrasse 66 with her husband and two sons in 1905. She became a partner in the local company S. Bloch Jr. after Sally Bloch died. Like her sons, she was relocated from the house on Johannesstrasse to 35 Breitscheidstrasse. On August 11, 1942, she had to move to Lauffener Straße 12 in Sontheim , before she was brought from Stuttgart to Theresienstadt on August 22, 1942, where she perished about a month later at the age of 80. Four stumbling blocks for the Bloch family were laid in front of the house at Johannesstrasse 66 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Margot Weiß, Robert Josef Bloch , on:
  2. Such is his biography with Margot Weiß. Here ( Memento of the original from March 24, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on the other hand, an Oskar Bloch with the same date of birth is referred to as an architect and government master builder who died in Auschwitz in 1944. There may be a mix-up with the architect Oskar Bloch , who lived in Stuttgart for many years. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. ^ Margot Weiß, Oskar Eugen Bloch , on:
  4. Margot Weiß, Ilse Bloch , on:
  5. ^ Margot Weiß, Lina Bloch , on: